TABLE 2

Multivariate Postprogram Comparisons

VariablesHTMBSRModel
n = 141 (46.8%)n = 159 (53.2%)
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)β (P)
Mindfulness15.99 (5.29)18.86 (5.75).09 (.14)
Stress, PSS12.16 (4.88)10.93 (5.30)−.05 (.36)
Positive/coping8.65 (3.14)8.03 (4.19)−.03 (.63)
Response style/coping, CRSQ
 Rumination28.93 (7.87)26.91 (8.90)–.13 (.03)*
 Distraction15.32 (4.23)14.78 (4.33)−.04 (.55)
 Problem solving11.02 (3.27)10.27 (3.76)−.13 (.06)
Psychological symptoms, SCL-90R
 Hostility56.04 (12.29)52.91 (12.21)−.09 (.12)
 Somatization57.40 (14.04)52.92 (13.92)–.13 (.03)*
 Paranoid ideation60.69 (9.63)59.45 (10.79)−.07 (.24)
Affect, PANAS
 Positive affect31.85 (9.90)32.35 (10.14).03 (.62)
 Negative affect24.61 (8.41)21.39 (8.80)–.19 (.003)**
Coping, Brief COPE
 Positive coping38.33 (9.00)35.62 (11.02)−.07 (.29)
 Negative coping19.66 (5.11)17.93 (5.34)–.13 (.04)*
Depression, CDI-S57.59 (13.74)53.53 (12.36)–.16 (.02)*
Anger expressivity, STAXI
 Temperamental expressivity9.12 (5.18)8.30 (3.33)−.10 (.10)
 Reactive expressivity15.40 (5.27)14.46 (4.86)−.10 (.08)
Differential emotions, DES
 Interest8.58 (3.05)8.09 (3.25)−.10 (.10)
 Enjoyment9.26 (3.08)9.22 (3.39)−.03 (.60)
 Sadness7.44 (2.94)6.89 (2.78)−.08 (.16)
 Anger8.06 (3.11)7.84 (3.44)−.03 (.56)
 Guilt7.87 (3.48)6.92 (3.04)−.08 (.19)
 Contempt8.10 (3.70)7.08 (2.88)−.10 (.09)
 Fear6.93 (3.32)6.04 (2.80)−.11 (.06)
 Self-hostility6.60 (3.47)5.48 (2.92)–.14 (.02)*
 Shame7.24 (3.22)7.15 (3.08).00 (.92)
 Shyness7.23 (3.40)6.58 (3.18)−.08 (.15)
Coping self-efficacy, CSE156.05 (57.89)149.00 (57.74)−.09 (.14)
Anxiety, MASC11.09 (8.00)10.53 (7.60)−.04 (.55)
Aggression22.20 (16.86)19.81 (16.98)−.06 (.35)
Posttraumatic symptoms, CPSS21.55 (13.04)17.16 (12.36)–.15 (.02)*
Depression12.64 (8.37)10.16 (7.49)–.13 (.03)*
Reexperiencing7.39 (4.70)5.96 (4.69)–.17 (.008)**
  • All models included gender, age, and school as covariates. Each outcome variable of interest was examined in a separate model. PSS, Perceived Stress Scale. * P < 0.5; ** P < 0.01