TABLE 5

Effects of VIP at 36 Months for the Entire Sample and for the Subgroup of Families at Increased Psychosocial Risk: Proportion of Children Reaching Threshold for Clinically At-Risk Behaviors on BASC-2 Subscales

VariableEntire SampleHighest Psychosocial Risk
VIP (n = 152)Control (n = 149)RRR (95% CI)PaVIP (n = 53)Control (n = 44)RRR (95% CI)Pa
Social skills6 (4%)10 (7%)41% (–58 to 78).320 3 (7%)100% (NDb).09
Attention problems26 (17%)32 (21%)20% (–27 to 50).388 (15%)9 (20%)26% (–75 to 69).59
Hyperactivity35 (23%)47 (32%)27% (–6 to 50).128 (15%)18 (41%)63% (23 to 82).01
Aggression10 (7%)14 (9%)30% (–53 to 68).404 (8%)9 (20%)63% (–12 to 88).08
Externalizing problems21 (14%)29 (19%)29% (–19 to 58).226 (11%)13 (30%)62% (8 to 84).04
  • Unless otherwise indicated, data are presented as n (%) at risk. RRR, relative risk reduction.

  • a P value based on Fisher’s exact test.

  • b CI not defined (ND) due to no VIP children in the at-risk category.