TABLE 4

Effects of VIP at 36 Months for the Entire Sample and for the Subgroup of Families at Increased Psychosocial Risk: Mean ± SD BASC-2 T Scores

VariableEntire SampleHighest Psychosocial Risk
VIP (n = 152)Control (n = 149)PaVIP (n = 53)Control (n = 44)Pa
Social skillsb55.28 ± 9.454.55 ± 9.0.4955.74 ± 8.853.93 ± 7.8.30
Attention problems48.40 ± 10.949.68 ± 11.5.3247.62 ± 10.949.86 ± 10.3.30
Hyperactivity51.74 ± 11.554.98 ± 12.4.0251.13 ± 12.357.93 ± 12.5.01
Aggression44.71 ± 9.346.47 ± 8.9.09544.81 ± 9.049.70 ± 11.5.02
Externalizing problems48.11 ± 10.250.85 ± 10.4.0247.83 ± 10.554.16 ± 11.7.01
  • a P value based on independent samples t test.

  • b Higher T scores indicate better outcomes for social skills and worse outcomes for the other subscales.