TABLE 3

Association Between Parental Perception of Weight Status and Longitudinal Change in Weight

4–5 to 12–13 Years4–5 to 6–7 Years6–7 to 8–9 Years8–9 to 10–11 Years10–11 to 12–13 Years
N = 3557N = 4112N = 3796N = 3520N = 3073
B95% CIB95% CIB95% CIB95% CIB95% CI
Gender0.05−0.01 to 0.10−0.04−0.07 to 0.01−0.06−0.09 to –0.02*−0.09−0.13 to –0.05**0.140.11 to 0.18**
Incomea0.030.01 to 0.04**0.010.01 to 0.02*0.010.00 to 0.00−0.010.00 to 0.00−0.010.00 to 0.00
Indigenousb0.12−0.05 to 0.29−0.05−0.15 to 0.060.04−0.08 to 0.150.09−0.04 to 0.210.09−0.05 to 0.23
Medical conditionsc0.07−0.01 to 0.140.03−0.16 to 0.080.02−0.04 to 0.07−0.01−0.07 to 0.060.06−0.03 to 0.14
Household languaged0.130.06 to 0.20**0.080.03 to 0.12*0.060.01 to 0.11***0.02−0.04 to 0.07−0.01−0.07 to 0.05
BMI z score0.570.54 to 0.60**0.690.67 to 0.72**0.800.77 to 0.82**0.840.81 to 0.86**0.800.78 to 0.83**
Perceived overweighte0.250.10 to 0.39*0.310.21 to 0.41**0.240.15 to 0.34**0.170.09 to 0.24**0.150.08 to 0.21**
Perceived underweighte−0.10−0.19 to –0.02***−0.17−0.23 to –0.11**−0.12−0.19 to –0.05*−0.08−0.16 to –0.01***−0.23−0.31 to –0.15**
  • CI, confidence interval.

  • a Estimated weekly/yearly income on a 15-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (≥$2400/wk or ≥$124 800/per y) to 15 (<$49 per week or <$2599 per year).

  • b Indigenous status coded as 1 = Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander versus 0 = not indigenous.

  • c Any chronic medical conditions, coded as 1 = yes versus 0 = no.

  • d Language coded as 1 = study child regularly spoken to in a language other than English versus 0 = study child spoken to in English.

  • e Dummy coded against perceived normal weight.

  • * P < .01;

  • ** P < .001;

  • *** P < .05.