TABLE 4

CSHQ and Behavioral Variables by Medication Use

VariableEver Taking Medications for Sleep (n = 371)Not Taking Medications for Sleep (n = 1145)P
CSHQ
 Total49.7 ± 9.845.3 ± 9.0<.001
 Bedtime Resistance9.4 ± 3.28.9 ± 3.3.016
 Sleep-Onset Delay1.9 ± 0.81.6 ± 0.7<.001
 Sleep Duration5.0 ± 1.94.0 ± 1.5<.001
 Sleep Anxiety6.8 ± 2.36.1 ± 2.2<.001
 Night Wakings5.0 ± 1.84.4 ± 1.6<.001
Peds QL–Total58.4 ± 14.964.9 ± 15.2<.001
CBCL
 Internalizing65.2 ± 9.462.8 ± 9.6<.001
 Externalizing63.0 ± 10.859.7 ± 11.2<.001
ABC-Irritability18.0 ± 10.814.2 ± 9.6<.001
  • Data are presented as means ± SDs. Due to missing data, “n” for each variable may be less than the total sample “N”.