TABLE 1

Participant Characteristics for Children Who Received FA and FCT Treatment via Different Service Delivery Models

VariablesGroup 1: In-Home Therapy, 1996–2009 (n = 44)Group 2: Clinic Telehealth, 2009–2012 (n = 20)Group 3: Home Telehealth, 2012–2014 (n = 30)P
Age: mean (SD), mo48.20 (15.44)50.30 (15.53)52.43 (17.45).491
 Range, mo22–8329–8021–84
Gender13 F, 31 M1 F, 19 M5 F, 25 M.060
Primary diagnosis, n (%)
 ASD13 (30%)a20 (100%)b30 (100%)b<.001c
 Other DD31 (70%)0 (0%)0 (0%)
ID, n (%)42 (95%)a10 (50%)b15 (50%)b<.001c
Distance from Children’s Hospital
 Mean (SD), miles67.02 (40.33)a200.75 (95.25)b116.23 (77.85)d<.001c
 Range, miles3–15839–3173–310
Social function identified, n (%)e
 Escape36 (82%)13 (65%)17 (57%).056
 Tangible33 (75%)a16 (80%)ab29 (97%)b.035c
 Attention19 (43%)a2 (10%)b3 (10%)b.001c
  • F, female; M, male.

  • a When there were significant between-group differences, groups with the same superscript in the same row did not differ from each other.

  • b When there were significant between-group differences, groups with the same superscript in the same row did not differ from each other.

  • c Significant differences were based on ANOVA for continuous variables and χ2 (or Fisher’s exact test for small cell sizes) for categorical variables.

  • d When there were significant between-group differences, groups with the same superscript in the same row did not differ from each other.

  • e Children often had >1 social function.