TABLE 2

Differences Among Race/Ethnicity Groups In Growth Outcomes

DSGS z scoresNon-Hispanic WhiteNon-Hispanic BlackHispanicOthera
Mean ± SDNo. ObsnMean ± SDNo. ObsnMean ± SDNo. ObsnMean ± SDNo. Obsn
Wt−0.10 ± 0.9310934570.63 ± 1.07***154700.25 ± 0.98**13858−0.07 ± 0.949436
Length/height−0.08 ± 0.9710904570.49 ± 0.94***154700.07 ± 1.13137580.14 ± 0.989436
BMIb−0.07 ± 0.997533890.68 ± 1.06***93540.32 ± 0.83*79430.03 ± 1.025528
Head circumferencec0.10 ± 0.99364106−0.25 ± 1.066825−0.07 ± 1.066522−0.20 ± 0.724012
Weight for lengthc−0.04 ± 0.973661060.23 ± 1.2468250.42 ± 0.88*6321−0.50 ± 0.934012
  • All outcomes are expressed as age and sex-specific DSGS z scores. No. Obs: number of observations.

  • a Other includes Asian, Native American, and mixed race. Significantly different from Non-Hispanic White group: ***P < .001; **P < .01; *P < .05.

  • b Age >2 y.

  • c Age <3 y.