TABLE 4

Improvements From Baseline to Follow-up on the BRIEF Subscales in the CAPS Versus IRC Treatments in the Entire Sample (A), Older Teens (B), and Younger Teens (C)

A. Entire Sample
MeasureCAPS (n = 57)IRC (n = 63)F (df)Pa
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Baseline6 MonthChangeBaseline6 MonthChange
BRIEF BRI57.54 (10.92)56.30 (13.33)−1.25 (9.38)58.73 (12.23)58.44 (13.00)−0.29 (8.46)0.50 (118b)0.48
 Inhibit56.53 (12.10)56.07 (14.43)−0.46 (11.46)59.85 (13.74)60.19 (14.26)−0.34 (8.32)0.61 (118b)0.44
 Shift56.70 (10.82)54.95 (11.83)−1.75 (10.12)55.81 (11.96)55.32 (11.89)−0.49 (10.40)0.30 (119)0.59
 Emotional Control57.23 (11.07)55.54 (12.20)−1.68 (9.29)56.93 (11.26)57.54 (12.25)0.60 (9.27)1.85 (119)0.18
BRIEF MI57.98 (9.70)56.61 (10.06)−1.37 (8.06)62.05 (10.07)60.13 (11.43)−1.92 (6.98)0.03 (119)0.87
 Initiate56.61 (10.08)54.88 (9.97)−1.74 (10.36)58.35 (8.96)57.46 (10.97)0.89 (9.14)0.91 (119)0.34
 Working Memory60.21 (11.60)59.88 (12.09)−0.33 (9.24)63.73 (13.09)63.06 (14.08)−0.67 (9.87)0.08 (119)0.77
 Plan/Organize55.82 (10.81)55.23 (10.43)−0.60 (8.52)60.37 (10.68)58.57 (11.79)−1.79 (7.50)0.01 (119)0.93
 Organization of Materials53.46 (9.31)53.28 (9.63)−0.18 (6.82)58.71 (8.59)55.52 (10.21)−3.19 (8.15)1.62 (119)0.21
 Monitor58.61 (10.20)54.81 (9.93)−3.81 (10.94)60.25 (9.69)58.33 (10.72)−1.92 (8.62)2.63 (119)0.12
B. Older Teens (9th–12th grade)
MeasureCAPS (n = 27)IRC (n = 36)F (df)Pa
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Baseline6 MonthChangeBaseline6 MonthChange
BRIEF BRI58.19 (10.14)53.19 (11.79)−5.00 (7.61)58.77 (11.61)58.51 (10.63)−0.26 (7.51)6.95 (61b)0.01**
 Inhibit56.15 (11.23)52.52 (11.44)−3.63 (8.95)58.97 (13.48)59.40 (13.15)0.43 (8.75)5.01 (61b)0.03*
 Shift57.93 (10.86)52.04 (10.61)−5.89 (9.20)56.84 (12.02)56.19 (10.92)−0.64 (9.40)5.30 (62)0.03*
 Emotional Control57.30 (10.00)53.56 (11.38)−3.74 (8.34)57.31 (9.67)59.06 (9.69)1.75 (7.84)7.91 (62)0.007**
BRIEF MI60.40 (11.09)56.07 (10.95)−4.33 (6.15)62.17 (10.51)60.78 (10.57)−1.39 (5.44)5.04 (62)0.03*
 Initiate58.44 (11.13)54.03 (10.54)−4.41 (7.94)58.25 (9.49)56.72 (10.12)−1.53 (7.03)2.51 (62)0.12
 Working Memory64.26 (12.08)59.07 (12.34)−5.19 (6.91)63.61 (13.74)64.58 (12.97)0.97 (8.40)10.25 (62)0.002**
 Plan/Organize57.48 (12.11)55.26 (11.15)−2.22 (7.61)60.19 (11.19)58.44 (10.83)−1.75 (7.06)0.44 (62)0.51
 Organization of Materials54.04 (10.76)52.41 (10.58)−1.63 (5.72)59.53 (9.01)56.92 (9.55)−2.61 (6.97)0.00 (62)0.95
 Monitor60.04 (10.11)53.67 (9.92)−6.37 (8.54)60.17 (9.70)59.25 (10.93)−0.92 (8.62)7.13 (62)0.01**
C. Younger Teens (6th–8th grade)
MeasureCAPS (n =30)IRC (n =27)F (df)Pa
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Baseline6 MonthChangeBaseline6 MonthChange
BRIEF BRI56.97 (11.73)59.10 (14.19)2.13 (9.64)58.67 (13.22)58.33 (15.77)−0.33 (9.71)0.81 (56)0.37
 Inhibit56.87 (13.02)59.27 (16.19)2.40 (12.81)61.00 (14.26)61.22 (15.79)0.22 (7.90)0.34 (56)0.57
 Shift55.60 (10.86)57.57 (12.41)1.97 (9.60)54.44 (11.97)54.15 (13.19)−0.30 (11.78)0.94 (56)0.34
 Emotional Control57.17 (12.12)57.33 (12.82)0.17 (9.83)56.44 (13.27)55.52 (14.97)−0.93 (10.86)0.23 (56)0.64
BRIEF MI55.80 (7.81)57.10 (9.34)1.30 (8.71)61.89 (9.64)59.26 (12.64)−2.63 (8.69)1.26 (56)0.26
 Initiate54.97 (8.92)55.63 (9.54)0.67 (11.75)58.48 (8.37)58.44 (12.14)−0.04 (11.47)0.27 (56)0.61
 Working Memory56.57 (10.00)60.60 (12.01)4.03 (8.96)63.89 (12.43)61.04 (15.44)−2.85 (11.34)4.11 (56)0.05
 Plan/Organize54.33 (9.44)55.20 (9.92)0.87 (9.14)60.59 (10.17)58.74 (13.16)−1.85 (8.17)0.39 (56)0.54
 Organization52.93 (7.93)54.07 (8.79)1.13 (7.53)57.63 (8.02)53.67 (10.95)−3.96 (9.59)2.52 (56)0.12
 Monitor57.33 (10.29)55.83 (10.00)−1.50 (12.41)60.37 (9.86)57.11 (10.53)−3.26 (8.60)0.00 (56)0.98
  • BRIEF = Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, BRI = Behavioral Regulation Index, MI = Metacognition Index, GEC = Global Executive Composite, CAPS = Counselor Assisted Problem Solving, IRC = Internet Resource Comparison.

  • * indicates P < .05; ** indicates P < .025.

  • a P values apply to differences between CAPS and IRC groups as measured by general linear models after controlling for baseline scores.

  • b One participant did not complete the BRIEF-BRI Inhibit subscale in the older IRC group, so they were excluded from this analysis.