Table 3.

Percentage of Uninsured, Employer-based/Privately Insured, and Medicaid Covered Children and Youth in Each State, 1987–1990 and 1991–1993

UninsuredEmployer-based/PrivateMedicaidTotal Percent
PercentStandard ErrorPercentStandard ErrorPercentStandard Error
United States
 199015.0(0.5)68.1(0.3)16.9(0.5)100%
 199315.3(0.5)62.4§(0.3)22.3§(0.5)100%
New England
+ Maine
 1987–19909.2(0.9)74.2(1.4)16.7(1.2)100%
 1991–199311.4(1.2)66.9‡(1.7)21.8‡(1.5)100%
− New Hampshire
 1987–199011.7(1.1)83.1(1.3)5.2(.8)100%
 1991–199310.9(1.3)74.8‡(1.8)14.3‡(1.5)100%
− Vermont
 1987–19909.8(1.0)79.0(1.4)11.2(1.1)100%
 1991–19938.5(1.1)71.9‡(1.8)19.6‡(1.6)100%
+ Massachusetts
 1987–19907.3(.4)77.0(.7)15.6(.6)100%
 1991–199311.2‡(.7)71.3‡(.9)17.5(.8)100%
+ Rhode Island
 1987–19909.0(1.0)78.2(1.5)12.9(1.2)100%
 1991–199310.2(1.3)70.5‡(2.0)19.3‡(1.7)100%
− Connecticut
 1987–19908.1(1.0)84.5(1.4)7.4(1.0)100%
 1991–19937.6(1.1)77.8‡(1.7)14.6‡(1.4)100%
Mid-Atlantic
+ New York
 1987–199010.8(.5)68.2(.7)21.0(.6)100%
 1991–199312.2*(.5)63.5‡(.7)24.3‡(.6)100%
+ New Jersey
 1987–19909.0(.5)79.5(.7)11.5(.5)100%
 1991–199311.7‡(.6)73.4‡(.8)14.9‡(.7)100%
∼ Pennsylvania
 1987–19909.3(5)77.4(.7)13.2(.6)100%
 1991–19939.1(.5)73.4‡(.8)17.5‡(.7)100%
E. North Central
+ Ohio
 1987–19909.3(.5)75.6(.7)15.0(.6)100%
 1991–199310.2(.5)70.0‡(.8)19.8‡(.7)100%
− Indiana
 1987–199013.4(1.1)76.3(1.4)10.4(1.0)100%
 1991–199311.8(1.2)68.2‡(1.7)20.0‡(1.4)100%
+ Illinois
 1987–199010.1(.5)71.8(.7)18.0(.6)100%
 1991–199312.1*(.6)67.5‡(.9)20.5*(.8)100%
+ Michigan
 1987–19907.5(.4)73.2(.7)19.3(.6)100%
 1991–19939.1*(.5)66.2‡(.9)24.7‡(.8)100%
+ Wisconsin
 1987–19907.4(.8)81.4(1.2)11.2(1.0)100%
 1991–19938.5(.9)75.2‡(1.4)16.3‡(1.2)100%
W. North Central
∼ Minnesota
 1987–19907.5(0.8)76.7(1.3)15.6(1.1)100%
 1991–19937.5(1.0)70.2‡(1.7)22.3‡(1.6)100%
+ Iowa
 1987–19907.2(.8)82.2(1.2)10.6(.9)100%
 1991–19938.9(1.0)77.2‡(1.4)13.9*(1.2)100%
+ Missouri
 1987–199012.2(1.0)73.1(1.4)14.7(1.1)100%
 1991–199314.6(1.3)67.3*(1.8)18.1(1.4)100%
+ North Dakota
 1987–19907.9(0.8)83.8(1.0)8.2(.8)100%
 1991–199310.0(1.0)75.4‡(1.4)14.6‡(1.2)100%
− South Dakota
 1987–199015.2(0.9)73.5(1.1)11.4(.8)100%
 1991–199313.5(1.1)69.5‡(1.4)17.0‡(1.2)100%
− Nebraska
 1987–19909.9(1.1)79.7(1.5)10.4(1.2)100%
 1991–19939.3(.9)77.5(1.3)13.2(1.1)100%
+ Kansas
 1987–199011.5(1.0)80.7(1.2)7.8(.8)100%
 1991–199313.1(1.1)73.8‡(1.4)13.1‡(1.1)100
UninsuredEmployer-based/PrivateMedicaidTotal Percent
PercentStandard ErrorPercentStandard ErrorPercentStandard Error
South Atlantic
∼ Delaware
 1987–199013.2(1.1)76.6(1.4)10.3(1.0)100%
 1991–199313.0(1.3)71.7*(1.8)15.4‡(1.4)100%
− Maryland
 1987–199011.3(1.1)76.3(1.4)12.4(1.1)100%
 1991–199310.7(1.2)73.1(1.8)16.2*(1.5)100%
+ D.C.
 1987–199018.1(1.4)57.6(1.8)24.4(1.6)100%
 1991–199321.4(1.9)43.2‡(2.3)35.4‡(2.2)100%
+ Virginia
 1987–199013.7(1.0)74.6(1.2)11.7(.9)100%
 1991–199314.1(1.1)73.2(1.4)12.7(1.1)100%
+ W. Virginia
 1987–199015.8(1.2)66.9(1.6)17.4(1.3)100%
 1991–199318.6(1.4)56.8‡(1.8)24.6‡(1.6)100%
∼ N. Carolina
 1987–199015.6(.6)73.4(.7)11.0(.5)100%
 1991–199315.2(.7)64.7‡(.9)20.1‡(.8)100%
− S. Carolina
 1987–199017.0(1.1)71.9(1.3)11.1(.9)100%
 1991–199313.9(1.1)61.1‡(1.5)25.0‡(1.3)100%
+ Georgia
 1987–199016.5(1.1)67.4(1.4)16.0(1.1)100%
 1991–199317.1(1.3)61.3‡(1.8)21.6‡(1.5)100%
∼ Florida
 1987–199021.3(.6)65.0(.7)13.7(.5)100%
 1991–199321.0(.7)55.5‡(.9)23.5‡(.8)100%
E. South Central
− Kentucky
 1987–199017.0(1.2)69.0(1.5)14.0(1.1)100%
 1991–199314.3(1.3)60.4‡(1.8)25.2‡(1.6)100%
− Tennessee
 1987–199014.3(1.1)66.4(1.5)19.3(1.2)100%
 1991–199312.0(1.1)61.6*(1.7)26.4‡(1.5)100%
− Alabama
 1987–199020.5(1.3)63.4(1.5)16.1(1.2)100%
 1991–199318.3(1.3)64.7(1.6)17.0(1.3)100%
− Mississippi
 1987–199019.8(1.1)56.7(1.4)23.6(1.2)100%
 1991–199318.3(1.2)54.1(1.6)27.6(1.4)100%
W. South Central
− Arkansas
 1987–199022.2(1.2)61.3(1.4)16.4(1.1)100%
 1991–199321.6(1.4)59.7(1.6)18.7(1.3)100%
∼ Louisiana
 1987–199022.2(1.3)56.5(1.6)21.3(1.3)100%
 1991–199321.9(1.5)53.7(1.8)24.4(1.5)100%
+ Oklahoma
 1987–199022.6(1.3)65.3(1.5)12.0(1.0)100%
 1991–199323.4(1.4)58.7‡(1.7)17.8‡(1.3)100%
− Texas
 1987–199025.5(.6)62.8(.7)11.7(.5)100%
 1991–199324.0(.7)56.8*(.9)19.2‡(.7)100%
Mountain
− Montana
 1987–199016.8(1.1)67.2(1.4)16.1(1.1)100%
 1991–199311.9‡(1.1)66.4(1.6)21.7‡(1.4)100%
∼ Idaho
 1987–199017.1(1.1)75.2(1.2)7.7(.7)100%
 1991–199317.1(1.2)69.4‡(1.4)13.5‡(1.0)100%
+ Wyoming
 1987–199012.3(1.1)78.7(1.4)9.0(1.0)100%
 1991–199312.9(1.3)74.4(1.7)12.7*(1.3)100%
− Colorado
 1987–199015.8(1.2)72.3(1.5)11.9(1.1)100%
 1991–19939.6‡(1.1)73.9(1.7)16.5‡(1.4)100%
− New Mexico
 1987–199025.9(1.2)59.5(1.4)14.6(1.0)100%
 1991–199321.9*(1.3)56.0(1.6)22.1‡(1.4)100%
UninsuredEmployer-based/PrivateMedicaidTotal Percent
PercentStandard ErrorPercentStandard ErrorPercentStandard Error
− Arizona
 1987–199020.2(1.3)69.6(1.5)10.2(1.0)100%
 1991–199318.3(1.4)62.5‡(1.8)19.2‡(1.4)100%
+ Utah
 1987–19909.9(.8)81.2(1.0)8.8(.7)100%
 1991–199312.3(1.0)75.2‡(1.3)12.5‡(1.0)100%
+ Nevada
 1987–199018.7(1.3)73.1(1.5)8.2(.9)100%
 1991–199321.8(1.5)67.6*(1.7)10.6(1.1)100%
Pacific
∼ Washington
 1987–199011.2(1.0)76.3(1.4)12.5(1.1)100%
 1991–199311.5(1.1)74.7(1.5)13.8(1.2)100%
− Oregon
 1987–199015.7(1.2)72.9(1.5)11.4(1.1)100%
 1991–199312.7(1.3)70.4(1.8)16.9‡(1.4)100%
∼ California
 1987–199019.6(.6)61.5(.7)18.9(.6)100%
 1991–199319.4(.5)55.3‡(.6)25.3‡(.6)100%
− Alaska
 1987–199015.1(1.0)66.3(1.4)18.6(1.1)100%
 1991–199310.2‡(.9)66.6(1.5)23.2‡(1.3)100%
∼ Hawaii
 1987–19907.9(.9)81.7(1.2)10.4(1.0)100%
 1991–19937.8(1.0)74.7‡(1.6)17.5‡(1.4)100%
  • Source: Current Population Surveys, 1988 through 1994.

    Standard errors are in parentheses.

    + Denotes an increase in the percentage of uninsured children between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

    − Denotes a decrease in the percentage of uninsured children between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

    ∼ Denotes no change in the percentage of uninsured children between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

  • * Significant (P < .05) change between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

  • Significant (P < .01) change between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

  • § Significant (P < .01) change between 1990 and 1993.