Table 2.

Number* of Uninsured, Employer-based/Privately Insured, and Medicaid Covered Children and Youth in Each State, 1987–1990 and 1991–1993

UninsuredEmployer-based/PrivateMedicaidTotal Number
NumberStandard ErrorNumberStandard ErrorNumberStandard Error
United States
 199011 871(163.2)54 042(279.1)13 447(172.5)79 361
 199312 240(165.4)49 870∥(275.4)17 780∥(194.6)79 891
New England
+ Maine
 1987–199033.9(3.2)274.8(9.2)61.7(4.3)370.4
 1991–199345.2‡(4.5)265.9(10.9)86.5§(6.2)397.6
− New Hampshire
 1987–199038.1(3.5)270.2(9.3)16.9(2.3)325.2
 1991–199336.1(4.2)247.4(11.1)47.3§(4.8)330.8
− Vermont
 1987–199016.5(1.6)132.4(4.6)18.7(1.7)167.6
 1991–199315.3(1.9)129.0(5.6)35.1§(2.9)179.4
+ Massachusetts
 1987–1990126.3(7.3)1325.9(23.3)269.4(10.5)1721.6
 1991–1993181.0§(10.4)1154.1§(26.0)282.4(12.9)1617.5
+ Rhode Island
 1987–199025.4(2.8)221.7(8.2)36.4(3.3)283.5
 1991–199325.9(3.3)178.1§(8.6)48.7‡(4.5)252.7
+ Connecticut
 1987–199073.3(8.8)768.1(28.0)67.4(8.1)908.8
 1991–199376.6(10.4)783.3(33.7)146.6§(14.7)1006.5
Mid-Atlantic
+ New York
 1987–1990593.2(25.1)3738.9(62.4)1150.4(34.9)5482.5
 1991–1993657.4(25.0)3436.2§(56.5)1315.8§(35.2)5409.4
+ New Jersey
 1987–1990202.3(10.2)1783.9(29.9)257.9(11.4)2244.1
 1991–1993268.8§(14.0)1690.2‡(35.0)343.2§(15.8)2302.2
− Pennsylvania
 1987–1990334.8(16.2)2773.5(46.3)473.5(19.3)3581.8
 1991–1993325.6(18.7)2632.3‡(53.0)626.6§(26.0)3584.5
E. North Central
+ Ohio
 1987–1990334.2(15.4)2716.4(43.9)540.1(19.7)3590.7
 1991–1993369.2(19.2)2526.5§(49.7)714.8§(26.6)3610.5
− Indiana
 1987–1990225.3(18.2)1285.6(43.6)174.9(16.0)1685.8
 1991–1993216.0(20.9)1244.0(50.2)365.2§(27.1)1825.2
+ Illinois
 1987–1990377.3(17.6)2672.7(46.5)670.2(23.3)3720.2
 1991–1993451.4§(22.4)2523.0‡(52.5)765.3‡(29.2)3739.7
+ Michigan
 1987–1990227.9(12.0)2211.2(37.4)583.2(19.3)3022.1
 1991–1993269.6‡(15.4)1972.1§(41.2)736.7§(25.1)2978.4
+ Wisconsin
 1987–1990107.7(11.2)1185.7(36.8)163.8(13.6)1457.2
 1991–1993140.4(14.5)1243.7(42.9)269.8§(20.0)1653.9
W. North Central
− Minnesota
 1987–1990106.5(11.0)1088.5(35.0)224.2(15.7)1419.2
 1991–199399.1(12.3)928.6§(38.0)294.3§(21.5)1322.0
+ Iowa
 1987–199066.2(6.8)751.6(22.7)97.0(8.1)914.8
 1991–199382.8(8.7)714.0(25.5)128.1‡(10.8)924.9
+ Missouri
 1987–1990210.8(17.0)1258.7(41.4)252.5(18.6)1722.0
 1991–1993227.8(20.8)1053.5§(44.5)283.8(23.1)1565.1
+ North Dakota
 1987–199017.7(1.6)186.8(5.2)18.4(1.6)222.9
 1991–199321.1(2.0)158.5§(5.5)30.7§(2.4)210.3
− South Dakota
 1987–199037.1(2.2)179.4(4.8)27.8(1.9)244.3
 1991–199331.7(2.5)163.1‡(5.6)39.9§(2.8)234.7
− Nebraska
 1987–199052.8(5.8)425.7(16.5)55.7(6.0)534.2
 1991–199352.5(5.1)437.8(14.7)74.4‡(6.1)564.7
+ Kansas
 1987–199091.9(7.2)645.1(19.2)62.4(6.0)799.4
 1991–1993111.9(9.3)629.3(22.3)111.5§(9.3)852.7
UninsuredEmployer-based/PrivateMedicaidTotal Number
NumberStandard ErrorNumberStandard ErrorNumberStandard Error
South Atlantic
+ Delaware
 1987–199026.7(2.2)155.4(5.4)20.9(2.0)203.0
 1991–199327.8(2.8)154.2(6.6)33.0§(3.0)215.0
− Maryland
 1987–1990158.1(14.2)1065.0(37.1)173.0(14.9)1396.1
 1991–1993144.2(16.0)983.1(42.3)217.8(19.9)1345.1
+ D.C.
 1987–199028.1(2.2)89.6(3.9)37.9(2.5)155.6
 1991–199332.8(3.0)66.2§(4.3)54.3§(3.9)153.3
+ Virginia
 1987–1990267.0(17.9)1451.1(41.8)228.0(16.6)1946.1
 1991–1993271.0(21.1)1404.4(48.3)244.2(20.2)1919.6
+ W. Virginia
 1987–199090.8(6.8)384.7(14.0)99.8(7.1)575.3
 1991–199399.3(7.9)302.8§(13.7)131.3§(9.1)533.4
+ N. Carolina
 1987–1990292.1(11.2)1377.6(24.2)206.6(9.3)1876.3
 1991–1993303.1(13.3)1294.2‡(27.5)403.0§(15.5)2000.3
− S. Carolina
 1987–1990180.8(11.4)767.0(23.5)118.6(9.2)1066.4
 1991–1993165.3(12.7)725.8(26.6)297.7§(17.1)1188.8
− Georgia
 1987–1990332.1(21.4)1355.4(42.9)322.2(20.9)2009.7
 1991–1993331.8(26.7)1189.6‡(50.1)419.1§(29.8)1940.5
+ Florida
 1987–1990775.2(23.3)2371.4(40.5)499.9(18.6)3646.5
 1991–1993823.5(29.8)2178.7§(48.2)923.9§(31.6)3926.1
E. South Central
− Kentucky
 1987–1990194.1(13.7)787.9(27.6)159.3(12.4)1141.3
 1991–1993163.5(14.5)690.4‡(29.7)288.4§(19.0)1142.3
− Tennessee
 1987–1990215.7(16.1)1003.8(34.6)292.5(18.6)1512
 1991–1993180.4(16.7)926.8(37.7)397.6§(24.8)1504.8
− Alabama
 1987–1990275.1(17.4)852.3(30.7)216.6(15.4)1344.0
 1991–1993250.1(18.6)885.7(34.9)233.1(17.9)1368.9
− Mississippi
 1987–1990185.3(10.8)531.1(18.2)220.8(11.7)1037.2
 1991–1993175.0(11.8)516.1(20.2)263.2‡(14.4)954.3
W. South Central
− Arkansas
 1987–1990186.8(10.5)515.7(17.5)138.2(9.0)840.7
 1991–1993178.4(11.9)492.0(19.7)154.1(11.0)824.5
+ Louisiana
 1987–1990317.3(19.0)807.4(30.1)305.1(18.6)1429.8
 1991–1993323.8(22.5)794.8(35.3)360.8(23.7)1479.4
+ Oklahoma
 1987–1990232.7(13.6)671.1(22.9)123.7(9.8)1027.5
 1991–1993250.4(16.3)627.4(25.8)190.7§(14.3)1068.5
− Texas
 1987–19901543.4(40.2)3795.5(62.2)708.1(27.1)6047.0
 1991–19931408.4(45.8)3336.9§(70.1)1124.5§(41.1)5869.8
Mountain
− Montana
 1987–199046.5(3.1)186.5(6.1)44.6(3.0)277.6
 1991–199333.0§(2.9)183.4(7.0)60.0§(4.0)276.4
+ Idaho
 1987–199064.4(3.9)283.2(8.2)29.1(2.6)376.7
 1991–199365.9(4.6)267.7(9.2)52.0§(4.0)385.6
+ Wyoming
 1987–199019.6(1.7)125.7(4.4)14.3(1.5)159.6
 1991–199321.9(2.1)126.3(5.2)21.6§(2.2)169.8
− Colorado
 1987–1990164.2(12.1)751.6(25.9)123.2(10.5)1039.0
 1991–199397.6§(11.2)752.4(30.9)167.8‡(14.6)1017.8
− New Mexico
 1987–1990135.3(6.6)311.0(10.0)76.2(4.9)522.5
 1991–1993119.3(7.6)304.9(12.3)120.5§(7.7)544.7
UninsuredEmployer-based/PrivateMedicaidTotal Number
NumberStandard ErrorNumberStandard ErrorNumberStandard Error
− Arizona
 1987–1990221.6(14.1)764.6(26.1)112.2(10.1)1098.4
 1991–1993207.3(16.1)710.2(30.1)218.2§(16.7)1135.7
+ Utah
 1987–199073.8(5.4)604.1(15.5)65.7(5.1)743.6
 1991–199393.3(7.2)570.5(17.8)95.2§(7.3)759.0
+ Nevada
 1987–199064.7(4.5)252.5(8.8)28.4(2.9)345.6
 1991–199386.4§(6.2)267.2(10.7)41.9§(4.2)395.5
Pacific
+ Washington
 1987–1990166.8(14.1)1133.3(37.0)185.3(15.0)1485.4
 1991–1993179.4(17.2)1165.3(43.7)215.7(18.8)1560.4
− Oregon
 1987–1990143.2(11.0)664.5(23.6)104.3(9.3)912.0
 1991–1993114.9(11.3)635.8(26.8)152.6§(13.2)903.3
+ California
 1987–19901864.2(56.9)5833.1(99.1)1794.1(55.8)9491.4
 1991–19931999.8(54.5)5687.8(90.7)2597.8§(61.9)10 285.4
− Alaska
 1987–199027.1(1.8)118.9(3.8)33.4(2.0)179.4
 1991–199319.1§(1.7)125.2(4.4)43.6§(2.6)187.9
+ Hawaii
 1987–199026.4(2.7)272.7(8.7)34.8(3.1)333.9
 1991–199327.3(3.4)262.3(10.5)61.6§(5.1)351.2
  • Source: Current Population Surveys, 1988 through 1994.

  • * Numbers are in thousands.

    Standard errors are in parentheses.

    +Denotes an increase in the number of uninsured children between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

    −Denotes a decrease in the number of uninsured children between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

  • Significant (P < .05) change between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

  • § Significant (P < .01) change between 1987–1990 and 1991–1993.

  • Significant (P < .01) change between 1990 and 1993.