TABLE 1

Characteristics of the Sample

Standard Medical Care With Guided Imagery (N = 19)Standard Medical Care Without Guided Imagery (N = 15)
Rome II diagnosis, % (n/N)a
    Irritable bowel syndrome57.9 (11/19)66.7 (10/15)
    Functional dyspepsia26.3 (5/19)13.3 (2/15)
    Functional abdominal pain10.5 (2/19)6.7 (1/15)
    Abdominal migraine15.8 (3/19)20.0 (3/15)
Female, % (n/N)77.7 (14/18)64.3 (9/14)
Age, mean ± SD, y10.6 ± 3.09.9 ± 2.2
Baseline findings
    Abdominal pain score, mean ± SDb18.7 ± 12.620.1 ± 6.7
    Functional disability score, mean ± SDb26.2 ± 10.629.8 ± 14.6
    Missed school days score, mean ± SDb0.9 ± 1.21.8 ± 1.3
    Quality of life score, mean ± SDb24.7 ± 14.732.4 ± 15.9
    No. of medications for gastrointestinal problems, mean ± SD1.7 ± 1.72.0 ± .9
    Physician visit score, mean ± SDb1.3 ± 1.32.5 ± 1.4
  • a These numbers do not add up to 100% because 5 patients suffered from 2 different functional gastrointestinal disorders.

  • b Higher scores indicate more pain, more disability, more missed school days, lower quality of life, and more physician visits.