TABLE 4

Daily Estimated Calories and Recommended Servings for Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, and Milk/Dairy According to Age and Gender

1 y2–3 y4–8 y9–13 y14–18 y
Energy, kcala9001000
    Female120016001800
    Male140018002200
Fat, % kcal30–4030–3525–3525–3525–35
Milk/dairy, cupsb2c2233
Lean meat/beans, oz1½25
    Female35
    Male46
Fruits, cupsd111½1½
    Female1½
    Male2
Vegetables, cupsd¾1
    Female122½
    Male1½2½3
Grains, oze23
    Female456
    Male567
  • Calorie estimates are based on sedentary lifestyle. Increased physical activity will require additional calories (0–200 kcal/day if moderately physically active and 200–400 kcal/day if very physically active [1 kcal = 4.2 kJ]). — indicates data not applicable.

  • a For youth 2 years and older; adapted from Table 2, Table 3, and Appendix A-2 of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (www.healthierus.gov/dietaryguidelines). Nutrient and energy contributions from each group are calculated according to the nutrient-dense forms of food in each group (eg, lean meats and fat-free milk).

  • b Milk listed is fat free (except for children younger than 2 years). If 1%, 2%, or whole-fat milk is substituted, this will use, for each cup, respectively, 19, 39, or 63 kcal of discretionary calories and add 2.6, 5.1, or 9.0 g of total fat, of which 1.3, 2.6, or 4.6 g are saturated fat.

  • c For 1-year-old children, 2% fat milk is included. If 2 cups of whole milk are substituted, 48 kcal of discretionary calories will be used.

  • d Serving sizes are> ¼> cup for 1 year of age,> > cup for 2 to 3 years of age, and> ½> cup for ≥4 years of age. A variety of vegetables should be selected from each subgroup over the week.

  • e Half of all grains should be whole grains.

  • Adapted with permission from American Heart Association. Table: dietary recommendations for children. Available at: www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3033999.