Firearm death rates among children aged 0 to 17 years, 2010–2014. Firearm deaths are based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision external cause of injury codes. All firearm deaths include firearm suicide (X72-X74), firearm homicide (X93-X95, U01.4), legal intervention firearm deaths (Y35.0), unintentional firearm deaths (W32-W34), and firearm deaths of undetermined intent (Y22-Y24). Rates of firearm suicide are for children aged 10 to 17 years.
Fatal firearm injury rates by intent and year, children aged 0 to 17 years, United States, 2002–2014. Data sourced from CDC/NEISS and US Census Bureau for population estimates. Statistical significance of regression results is indicated as * P < .05.
National Vital Statistics System (fatal firearm injuries), NEISS (nonfatal injuries). All estimated injuries reported represent annualized (average) numbers; hence, they may not sum to total because of rounding.
↵a Rates are considered unreliable when the rate is calculated with a numerator of 20 or fewer cases (for the 3 years 2012–2014). Unreliable rates are suppressed.
↵b In addition to the firearm-related deaths classified as homicide, suicide, and unintentional, the count for all firearm-related deaths includes those deaths classified as undetermined and legal intervention.
↵c Rates per 100 000 for firearm suicide deaths are calculated by using population estimates for persons 10 years of age and older. Suicide deaths in the 0 to 12-year-old age group therefore reflect only decedents aged 10 years and older. N = 2 children under the age of 10 who died by firearm suicide across all years represented.
↵d All race/ethnicity groups are non-Hispanic other than 'Hispanic,' which includes persons of any race with Hispanic ethnicity indicated.
↵e In addition to the nonfatal firearm injuries classified as assault, self-harm, and unintentional, the count for all nonfatal firearm injuries includes those injuries classified as undetermined and legal intervention.
Circumstances and Other Characteristics of Fatal Firearm Injuries Among Children: NVRS, 17 States, 2003–2013
↵c “Argument” and “Family relationship problem” were only available as NVDRS suicide circumstances starting in 2009; taking into account only the data years for which it was available, Argument was present in 15% of cases and Family relationship problem in 23% of cases.
↵d χ2 tests could not be calculated because 1 or more expected cell sizes n < 5.
↵e Number of cases for which this information was known.