The melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare neoplasm that primarily affects the maxilla of infants during their first year of life. Complete resection is the conventional treatment and recurrence rates vary from 10% to 60%. The recurrent tumors grow more aggressively and can invade other anatomic structures, such as the nasal cavity, the orbit, and the skull base. The aggressive behavior of MNTIs may require radical resection, which may not be possible in some cases because of its rapid and invading growth together with invasion of vital structures. In these situations, adjunct radiotherapy or chemotherapy has been used. However, as there are no conclusive data regarding the molecular profile of this tumor, currently there is no targeted therapy that may be used in the treatment of selected aggressive cases. On the basis of MNTI similarities with melanomas, such as derivation from the neural crest cells and presence of large melanin-containing cells, we hypothesized that MNTIs also may harbor the BRAFV600E oncogenic mutation. We show for the first time that this important pediatric tumor may harbor the oncogenic BRAFV600E mutation, providing the first insights to their personalized treatment.
- Accepted March 20, 2015.
- Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics