At present, transient asymptomatic hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is common among healthy adults in Western Europe, as reported by blood transfusion services. In immune-suppressed patients HEV infection is often without clinical symptoms, but without therapeutic intervention it may become chronic and lead to cirrhosis. This report describes the course of chronic HEV infection after kidney transplantation in 2 children, who cleared the virus after reduction in immunosuppressive therapy. If aminotransferase levels continue to be moderately elevated after transplantation, HEV infection should be excluded.
- Accepted December 30, 2014.
- Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics