Targeted Program for Provision of Mother’s Own Milk to Very Low Birth Weight Infants
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of an evolving targeted program to encourage mothers to provide own milk (MM) to their very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in a traditional open-bay NICU.
METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records on all VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g) born in a geographical region of Norway in 1986/1987, 1996, and 2007/2008 (n = 203). Types of nutrition and data on maternal and infant health were prospectively and similarly recorded during all time periods. Between each period, targeted programs were initiated to encourage provision of MM.
RESULTS: The rates of providing MM (exclusively MM in parenthesis) for the 3 periods were 55% (33%), 85% (60%), and 89% (62%) when achieving full enteral feeds; 48% (11%), 76% (39%), and 92% (60%) at discharge; 15%, 42%, and 62% at 2 to 4 months’ corrected age; and 10%, 40%, and 53% at 6 to 8 months’ corrected age (P < .001 at all end points). Neither maternal or pregnancy disorders nor neonatal morbidity had significant effects on provision of MM, but smoking was associated with a lower rate after discharge.
CONCLUSIONS: Both early and long-term provision of MM for their VLBW infants were strongly associated with targeted programs to encourage provision. We suggest that almost all mothers are able to provide their own milk if given targeted encouragement and guidance, even in crowded open-bay NICUs.
- Accepted May 7, 2014.
- Copyright © 2014 by the American Academy of Pediatrics