Traumatic perforation of the lamina cribrosa and penetration of the brain occurred during nasotracheal intubation of a preterm infant requiring resuscitation. This rare complication is specifically associated with the nasal route of intubation. The complication resulted in significant morbidity. The infant developed an extensive intracranial hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that required ventricular drainage. We recommend that nasotracheal intubation be performed with utmost care. We confirm Cameron and Lupton’s recommendation of using a small feeding tube over which to slide the endotracheal tube. Despite extensive iatrogenic damage, the patient’s neurodevelopmental follow-up at 2 years 9 months appeared relatively mild.
- Accepted August 19, 2013.
- Copyright © 2014 by the American Academy of Pediatrics