We present the case of an 8-month-old boy who presented with apparent life-threatening events later characterized as seizures in clusters. A total of 14 apneic episodes were observed within 24 hours before loading the patient with phenobarbital at which point the seizures stopped. There was no obvious explanation for his seizures. EEG revealed midline interictal discharges; MRI-head was normal; and all other investigations were normal. The patient’s stool was sent for virology with the clinical suspicion of benign infantile seizures associated with mild gastroenteritis (BISMG) despite lack of gastrointestinal symptoms. A small round virus was found. His clinical course followed the same progression as typical BISMG. This begs the question whether it is possible for virus in the stool to cause an asymptomatic gastrointestinal infection with its only clinical manifestation as seizures. We conclude that it may be possible for BISMG to present without gastrointestinal symptoms. As well, BISMG may be an unrecognized cause of apparent life-threatening events and should be considered in the differential diagnosis.
- Accepted September 9, 2013.
- Copyright © 2014 by the American Academy of Pediatrics