Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder characterized by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation and growth of benign tumors. Some TSC lesions, such as cardiac rhabdomyomas and cortical tubers in the brain, occur in fetuses, and some, such as renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) and skin angiofibromas, develop over years. Recently, the mTOR inhibitor everolimus was shown to be effective in the treatment of subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (a brain tumor) and renal AMLs (kidney tumors) in TSC patients. We present monozygotic twin sisters affected with TSC. Since age 4 years, 1 of the sisters has been treated with everolimus; the other sister received no mTOR inhibitor treatment. After 24-month follow-up, everolimus treatment resulted in a significant brain tumor volume decrease in the treated twin. This child presents no facial angiofibroma, and no renal AMLs. The brain tumor in the nontreated sister is stable in size, but in the meantime, she has developed significant facial angiofibroma and renal AMLs. This observation indicates that early mTOR inhibition in TSC patients may prevent the development of TSC lesions and alter the natural history of the disease.
- AF —
- AML —
- mTOR —
- mammalian Target of Rapamycin
- SEGA —
- subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
- TSC —
- tuberous sclerosis complex
- Accepted March 12, 2013.
- Copyright © 2013 by the American Academy of Pediatrics