As the incidence of HIV infection in children increases, so will the school population of children with this disease. With the advent of new drug therapy, it is likely that these children will have a longer survival resulting in an increasing number of HIV-infected children entering school. An understanding of the effect of chronic illness and the recognition of neurodevelopmental problems in these children is essential to provide appropriate educational programs. The Academy recommends that:
1. All children with HIV infection should receive an appropriate education that is adapted to their evolving special needs. The spectrum of needs differs with the stage of the disease.
2. HIV infection should be treated like other chronic illnesses that require special education and other related services.
3.Continuity of education must be assured whether at school or at home.
4.Because of the stigmatization that still exists with this disease, it is essential that confidentiality be maintained by limiting disclosures and disclosing information only with the informed consent of the parents or legal guardians and age-appropriate assent of the student.
- Copyright © 1991 by the American Academy of Pediatrics