Recurrences of bacteriuria after treatment occur in 50% to 80% of asymptomatic patients. Previous experience with short-term treatment as well as longterm prophylaxis has been disappointing, with a significant risk of infections, ie, development of symptoms after treatment. Results with nontreatment are described in this report with reference to clinical course, renal growth, and glomerular filtration rate in 26 asymptomatic girls with established renal scarring and bacteriuria. Acute pyelonephritis was not seen in those with continuing bacteriuria or spontaneous clearance. Neither in scarred nor in unscarred kidneys did the duration of bacteriuria influence renal growth or glomerular filtration rate. Asymptomatic patients with bacteriuria may gain from nontreatment and may have a reduced risk of pyelonephritic attacks.
- Received December 5, 1988.
- Accepted January 31, 1989.
- Copyright © 1989 by the American Academy of Pediatrics