This guideline for emergency drug dosing has been prepared for physicians requiring assistance with drug doses for pediatric patients. The drugs included are not intended to be exhaustive; therefore, this guideline should not be construed as an endorsement of the drugs selected. Information on drug indications and side effects has been purposely limited. In anticipation of future updates of this guideline, the Committee on Drugs invites comments and suggestions.
The following list has been prepared by the Committee on Drugs, with the assistance of the Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine. It represents the opinion of the Committees and may differ from information in package inserts of drugs. Doses should be individualized depending on patient response. These are general guidelines only. Physician judgment should be involved in the use of this emergency drug dose information.
Dose: SC—0.04 mg/kg IV or intratracheal—0.01-0.02 mg/kg per dose
WARNING: 0.04 mg/kg or 2 mg maximum total dose, whichever is smaller (except for anticholinesterase poisoning which may require larger doses)
Dose: IV—1 mEq/kg (Note: use only 0.5-mEq/mL solution for newborns
Note: The use of sodium bicarbonate should be based on documented metabolic acidosis; routine use in cardiac arrest is not recommended
Dose: IV—0.15-0.3 mL/kg per dose (0.2-0.4 mEq/kg per dose). Inject slowly. Stop if bradycardia occurs
WARNING: Not to be given SO or IM
Form: 100 mg/mL, in 10-mL ampule on syringe; each 1 mL contains 1.36 mEq of elemental calcium
Note: Calcium is recommended for cardiac resuscitation only in cases of documented hypocalcemia
- Copyright © 1988 by the American Academy of Pediatrics