Chairman Dietrich: We wish to direct attention to the much neglected problem of accidents in children. It is a unique one. The ultimate solution rests on child-parent relationship, and we as pediatricians are responsible for guiding that relationship. So far, the medical profession's attack on the problem has been piecemeal, perfunctory and without potency. For this round table discussion, our plan is as follows: Dr. George Wheatley of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company will present the size and shape of the accident problem, Dr. Glidden Brooks will indicate the hospital's role in the problem of accidents and outline the research needs in this field, I will briefly outline what I think is a practical theory of accident prevention, and Dr. Wheatley will sketch some areas of thought on community organization for accident prevention.
Dr. Wheatley: Pediatricians are well aware of the child accident problem. But they are apt to look at it almost exclusively from the point of view of the day-to-day treatment of pediatric emergencies. Unquestionably proper management of accidents is important but it overlooks the basic approach in solving the problem. This major concern with accident-treatment contrasts with the modern pediatrician's orientation toward disease prevention.
What are the facts? The highest accident fatality rate is found in the preschool age group from 1 to 4 years, the period during which most of the children spend more of their time in the home environment under closer supervision than any other period in their lives. The remarkable conquest of the common childhood diseases has sharpened our focus on the child accident picture.
- Copyright © 1951 by the American Academy of Pediatrics