John Pechey (1655-1716), the last English writer on diseases of children in the seventeenth century, had this to say about the upbringing of children.1
Children if they are virtuous are great Blessings and a publick good. It is therefore the duty of Parents to inure them betimes to a Regular course of Life; nor ought Persons of the best Quality to think the guidance of their Children beneath them. For Cornelia the Mother of the Gracchi, and Aurelia the Mother of Augustus Caesar, were Governesses to Children, and Cato, tho' he kept a Tutor in his House, did himself frequently instruct his Son. So did Augustus his grand-children, and the great Theodosius wou'd often sit by the Tutor while he was instructing his Son. And certainly it is best and safest for Parents to have their Children under their own Eye and inspection. But above all, the Fathers Example is of greatest force to instruct the Son, and his Actions Authorise the same in the Child, nor can the Father chastize him for what himself is guilty.
- Copyright © 1980 by the American Academy of Pediatrics