HEALTH STANDARDS FOR JUVENILE COURT RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES
Young people who find themselves in juvenile court facilities constitute a group who traditionally have displayed a high incidence of health problems. Many have had inadequate care in the past, and enter with preexisting medical and dental conditions. Whether or not they are in good physical health, they often are handicapped in the area of mental health. The conditions which necessitate removing them from their homes and placing them in institutions may aggravate, or even cause, physical and mental health problems.
When society undertakes to remove children and youth from their homes and place them in institutions away from the care of their parents, it assumes certain obligations. Among these obligations is care of their physical and mental health.
Health programs in juvenile court facilities must be broad and comprehensive and must go beyond the mere provision of medical care. The extent of the health care which should be offered to an individual will depend on the length of time he is in the institution. But, every institution which confines juveniles should have a health program designed to protect and promote the physical and mental well-being of residents, to discover those in need of short-term or long-term medical and dental treatment, and to contribute to their rehabilitation by appropriate diagnosis and treatment and provision of continuity of care following release.
The standards given here are designed to attain these goals.
ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE HEALTH PROGRAM
1. Each institution should have a multidisciplinary health council to set the policies of the health program.
2. The council may be organized within the institution or by the authority which operates the institution.
- Copyright © 1973 by the American Academy of Pediatrics