In 200 consecutive cases of eczema in children from the age of 7 weeks to 14 years, 53 were thought to be caused by outside contact with allergenic or irritating material.
The cause was determined in 31 cases, the probable cause in 18, and in 4 it was entirely unknown.
The cause was thought to be due to something connected with the clothes (including diapers and shoes) in 40 cases (74%).
Contact eczema, as seen in young children, differs from contact eczema in adults in that: it is more likely to be due to the clothes than to anything else, a high degree of sensitization with resulting vesiculation (although it can occur) is not so common as in adults, and primary irritants of relatively low irritating power are more likely to be causes than they are in adults.
Too many children are dieted for eczema when the cause is really something which contacts the skin from the outside.
- Copyright © 1959 by the American Academy of Pediatrics