November 2018, VOLUME 142 / ISSUE 5
Table of Contents
- Open AccessA Tool to Identify Adolescents at Risk of Cigarette Smoking InitiationMarie-Pierre Sylvestre, Nancy Hanusaik, David Berger, Erika Dugas, Lori Pbert, Jonathan Winickoff, Jennifer L. O’LoughlinPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20173701; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3701
We describe the development of a prognostic tool for use by clinicians, which can be used to identify adolescents at risk for initiating cigarette smoking.
- Open AccessExperiences With Medical Exemptions After a Change in Vaccine Exemption Policy in CaliforniaSalini Mohanty, Alison M. Buttenheim, Caroline M. Joyce, Amanda C. Howa, Daniel Salmon, Saad B. OmerPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181051; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1051
On the basis of semistructured interviews with health officers and immunization staff, we described their experiences with SB277, which eliminated nonmedical vaccine exemptions in California.
- Open AccessPediatric Emergency Department Visits for Homelessness After Shelter Eligibility Policy ChangeAmanda M. Stewart, Mia M. Kanak, Alana M. Gerald, Amir A. Kimia, Assaf Landschaft, Megan T. Sandel, Lois K. LeePediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181224; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1224
Visits to a pediatric ED for homelessness (frequently without a medical complaint) increased after a change in emergency shelter eligibility regulation, with considerable associated costs.
- Open AccessShortened IV Antibiotic Course for Uncomplicated, Late-Onset Group B Streptococcal BacteremiaEric R. Coon, Raj Srivastava, Greg Stoddard, Jacob Wilkes, Andrew T. Pavia, Samir S. ShahPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180345; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0345
Contrary to existing recommendations, early transition to oral antibiotic therapy may be appropriate for carefully selected infants with GBS bacteremia.
- Open AccessMedicaid Expenditures Among Children With Noncomplex Chronic DiseasesJessica L. Bettenhausen, Troy E. Richardson, Samir S. Shah, Matt Hall, Annie L. Andrews, John M. Neff, Katherine A. Auger, Erik R. Hoefgen, Michelle L. Macy, Laura M. Plencner, Bonnie T. ZimaPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180286; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0286
We identified the use patterns of children with NC-CDs within 4 annual expenditure categories.
- Open AccessVariation in Use by NICU Types in the United StatesErika M. Edwards, Jeffrey D. HorbarPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180457; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0457
Proportions of admissions, days hospitalized, high-acuity infants, and short stays vary between NICUs even when compared with other units of the same type.
- Open AccessPersistent Postconcussion Symptoms After InjuryLinda Ewing-Cobbs, Charles S. Cox, Amy E. Clark, Richard Holubkov, Heather T. KeenanPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180939; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0939
PCSs failed to resolve in a striking number of children with mTBI; 40%, especially girls, continued to act differently 1 year after injury.
- Open AccessAcetaminophen and Febrile Seizure Recurrences During the Same Fever EpisodeShinya Murata, Keisuke Okasora, Takuya Tanabe, Motoko Ogino, Satoshi Yamazaki, Chizu Oba, Kohsuke Syabana, Shouhei Nomura, Akihiko Shirasu, Keisuke Inoue, Mitsuru Kashiwagi, Hiroshi TamaiPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181009; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1009
In this report, we are the first to show that acetaminophen could prevent FS recurrence during the same fever episode in a randomized controlled trial.
- Open AccessPediatricians’ Participation in Quality Improvement at the Time of Enrollment in MOCGary L. Freed, Neal deJong, Michelle L. Macy, Kenton D. Van, Laurel K. LesliePediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180712; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0712
In this study, we assess the proportion of practicing pediatricians who participate in QI activities and their motivations for, attitudes about, and support received for QI participation.
- Open AccessChildhood Obesity and Slipped Capital Femoral EpiphysisDaniel C. Perry, David Metcalfe, Steven Lane, Steven TurnerPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181067; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1067
In this study, we provide the most robust evidence to suggest a causal association between SCFE and childhood obesity.
- Open AccessAntecedents of Obesity Among Children Born Extremely PretermCharles T. Wood, Olivia Linthavong, Eliana M. Perrin, Alan Leviton, Elizabeth N. Allred, Karl C.K. Kuban, T. Michael O’Shea, on behalf of the ELGAN Study InvestigatorsPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180519; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0519
In this study, we assess prenatal and postnatal antecedents of obesity at 10 years of age in a large cohort of children born EP.
- Open AccessEffectiveness of a Hand Hygiene Program at Child Care Centers: A Cluster Randomized TrialErnestina Azor-Martinez, Romy Yui-Hifume, Francisco J. Muñoz-Vico, Esperanza Jimenez-Noguera, Jenna Marie Strizzi, Irene Martinez-Martinez, Llenalia Garcia-Fernandez, María L. Seijas-Vazquez, Pilar Torres-Alegre, Maria A. Fernández-Campos, Francisco Gimenez-SanchezPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181245; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1245
In this study, we show the effectiveness of hand hygiene programs (hand sanitizer versus hand-washing versus a control) in decreasing RIs in children at DCCs.
- Open AccessIncome Disparities and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among AdolescentsSandra L. Jackson, Emily C. Yang, Zefeng ZhangPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181089; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1089
In this study of NHANES data from 1999 to 2014, we show trends in cardiovascular risk factors and disparities among US adolescents.
- Open AccessGestational Age, Health, and Educational Outcomes in AdolescentsMary J. Berry, Tim Foster, Kate Rowe, Oliver Robertson, Bridget Robson, Nevil PiersePediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181016; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1016
Through nationwide government records, health, developmental, and educational outcomes for children in New Zealand are described by gestational age from 23 weeks’ gestation to postterm.
- Open AccessActivity Performance Curves of Individuals With Cerebral PalsyMarloes van Gorp, Marij E. Roebroeck, Siok Swan Tan, Vincent de Groot, Jan Willem Gorter, Dirk-Wouter Smits, Ann Katrin Schmidt, Annet J. Dallmeijer, on behalf of the PERRIN DECADE Study GroupPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20173723; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3723
In this longitudinal cohort study, we provide development curves of motor and daily activity performance of individuals with CP from infancy into adulthood (age 1–34).
- Open AccessGaps in Well-Child Care Attendance Among Primary Care Clinics Serving Low-Income FamiliesElizabeth R. Wolf, Camille J. Hochheimer, Roy T. Sabo, Jennifer DeVoe, Richard Wasserman, Erik Geissal, Douglas J. Opel, Nate Warren, Jon Puro, Jennifer O’Neil, James Pecsok, Alex H. KristPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20174019; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4019
In this study, we found that WCVs were most commonly missed at 15 months, 18 months, and 4 years of age.
- Open AccessVaccination and Risk of Childhood IgA VasculitisMaryam Piram, Solange Gonzalez Chiappe, Fouad Madhi, Tim Ulinski, Alfred MahrPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180841; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0841
In this study, we discuss the risk of developing pediatric IgAV (Henoch–Schönlein purpura) in the 3 months after vaccinations.
- Open AccessAdvance Care Planning and HIV Symptoms in AdolescenceMaureen E. Lyon, Patricia A. Garvie, Lawrence J. D’Angelo, Ronald H. Dallas, Linda Briggs, Patricia M. Flynn, Ana Garcia, Yao I. Cheng, Jichuan Wang, for the Adolescent Palliative Care ConsortiumPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20173869; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3869
FACE pACP decreased HIV-specific symptoms among adolescents through a pathway of increasing families’ understanding of their adolescents’ end-of-life treatment preferences.
- Open AccessThe Heterogeneity of MI Interventions Studies for Treatment of ObesityKen Resnicow, Kendrin R. Sonneville, Sylvie NaarPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20182471; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2471
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessSupporting the Health Care Transition From Adolescence to Adulthood in the Medical HomePatience H. White, W. Carl Cooley, TRANSITIONS CLINICAL REPORT AUTHORING GROUP, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF FAMILY PHYSICIANS, AMERICAN COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANSPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20182587; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2587
- Open AccessPediatric Readiness in the Emergency DepartmentKatherine Remick, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Madeline M. Joseph, Kathleen Brown, Sally K. Snow, Joseph L. Wright, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Section on Surgery, AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee, EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION Pediatric CommitteePediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20182459; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2459
- Open AccessPartnering With Parents to Create a Research Advisory Board in a Pediatric Research NetworkAlexander G. Fiks, Melanie Cutler, James Massey, Louis M. BellPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180822; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0822
- Open AccessThe Clinical COACH: How to Enable Your Learners to Own Their LearningSusan L. Bannister, Theresa F. Wu, David A. KeeganPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20182601; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2601
- Open AccessMotivational Interviewing to Treat Adolescents With Obesity: A Meta-analysisMonique K. Vallabhan, Elizabeth Y. Jimenez, Jacob L. Nash, Diana Gonzales-Pacheco, Kathryn E. Coakley, Shelly R. Noe, Conni J. DeBlieck, Linda C. Summers, Sarah W. Feldstein-Ewing, Alberta S. KongPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180733; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0733
Through SR of available evidence published over the last 20 years, we evaluate the use of MI for weight management in youth.
- Open AccessSchool-Based Exercise Programs and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Meta-analysisDiana P. Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, Vicente Martínez-VizcaínoPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181033; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1033
The effects of school-based PA programs on different cardiometabolic risk factors and the most appropriate features of PA programs to achieve maximum effectiveness are unclear.
- Open AccessHospital-to-Home Interventions, Use, and Satisfaction: A Meta-analysisMichelle Y. Hamline, Rebecca L. Speier, Paul Dai Vu, Daniel Tancredi, Alia R. Broman, Lisa N. Rasmussen, Brian P. Tullius, Ulfat Shaikh, Su-Ting T. LiPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180442; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0442
In this study, we systematically review and meta-analyze the evidence for pediatric hospital discharge interventions that are associated with reduced health care use and/or improved patient and family satisfaction.
- Open AccessNeurodevelopmental Consequences of Preterm Isolated Cerebellar Hemorrhage: A Systematic ReviewLisa M. Hortensius, Aicha B.C. Dijkshoorn, Ginette M. Ecury-Goossen, Sylke J. Steggerda, Freek E. Hoebeek, Manon J.N.L. Benders, Jeroen DudinkPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180609; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0609
In this review, we provide an overview of neurodevelopmental outcome after isolated cerebellar hemorrhage in preterm infants, focusing on cognitive, motor, language, and behavioral outcomes.
- Open AccessUltrasound Guidance for Pediatric Central Venous Catheterization: A Meta-analysisTiago Henrique de Souza, Marcelo Barciela Brandão, José Antonio Hersan Nadal, Roberto José Negrão NogueiraPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181719; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1719
We systematically searched the literature to investigate the effects of ultrasound guidance on clinical outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing central venous catheterization.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessThe Intersection of Health and Education to Address School Readiness of All ChildrenJaime W. Peterson, Susanna Loeb, Lisa J. ChamberlainPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181126; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1126
Early childhood experiences and child health impact SR. We combine literature from pediatrics and education to promote transdisciplinary work to narrow the achievement gap.
- Open AccessShould Foreigners Get Costly Lifesaving Treatments in the United States?Shane R. Wo, Emily A. Largent, Jeffrey Brosco, Abby R. Rosenberg, Kenneth W. Goodman, John D. LantosPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180175; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0175
Doctors must decide what to do when a foreign child needs a transplant but the parents don’t have the money to pay for it.
- Open AccessUnilateral Withdrawal of Life-sustaining Therapy in a Severely Impaired ChildKathryn E. Miller, Ryan D. Coleman, Leah Eisenberg, Joan Henriksen, John D. Lantos, Elliott Mark WeissPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180131; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0131
Doctors must decide how to respond to parents’ requests to “do everything” for a neurologically devastated child.
- Open AccessAn Electronic Referral and Social Work Protocol to Improve Access to Mental Health ServicesKara M. Peters, Gary Sadler, Elizabeth Miller, Ana RadovicPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20172417; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2417
In this report, we describe implementation of an electronic referral and social work protocol to improve access to mental health services in an integrated health care setting.
- Open AccessA System-Level Approach to Improve HIV Screening in an Urban Pediatric Primary Care SettingRenata Arrington-Sanders, Noah J. Wheeler, Pamela Matson, Julia M. Kim, Marie-Sophie Tawe, Kathy Tomaszewski, Nancy Campbell, Jamie Rogers, Krishna K. Upadhya, Arik V. MarcellPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180506; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0506
Rapid HIV screening in pediatric primary care can be used to improve the screening rate and result receipt in youth, one of the highest-risk populations.
- Open AccessA 17-Year-Old Girl With Weight Loss and Elevated Inflammatory MarkersKeri Toner, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, Michael Guerrera, Kelley Shirron, Anjum Bandarkar, Carrie Diamond, Binny ChokshiPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20172959; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2959
A 17-year-old girl presented to her medical home with unintentional weight loss and elevation in her inflammatory markers. The unifying diagnosis required multiple subspecialty input.
- Open AccessInfluenza Myocarditis Treated With Antithymocyte GlobulinJenna A. Piccininni, Marc E. Richmond, Eva W. Cheung, Teresa M. Lee, Sabrina P. Law, Linda J. Addonizio, Warren A. ZuckermanPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180884; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0884
We present a case of fulminant influenza myocarditis in a pediatric patient that required mechanical circulatory support and was improved after treatment with steroids, IVIg, and ATG.
- Open AccessCatatonia Associated With a SCN2A-Related Disorder in a 4-Year-Old ChildArnaud Leroy, Claire Corfiotti, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich, Vladimir Ferrafiat, Ali Amad, Renaud Jardri, François MedjkanePediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20181231; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1231
We report the rare case of a 4-year-old child presenting with catatonia related to an SCN2A mutation who was successfully treated with lorazepam and vigabatrin.
- Open AccessRenal Amyloidosis in Deficiency of Adenosine Deaminase 2: Successful Experience With CanakinumabRabia Miray Kisla Ekinci, Sibel Balci, Atil Bisgin, Michael Hershfield, Bahriye Atmis, Dilek Dogruel, Mustafa YilmazPediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20180948; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0948
DADA2 should be considered in the differential diagnosis of renal amyloidosis; canakinumab may be the appropriate treatment agent for renal amyloidosis in DADA2.
Letters to the Editor
- Open AccessComment on Drinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Cognition in ChildrenPhilip A. May, Melanie A. Manning, H. Eugene HoymePediatrics Nov 2018, 142 (5) e20182615A; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-2615A