July 2018, VOLUME 142 / ISSUE 1
Table of Contents
- Open AccessSafety Surveillance of Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis (DTaP) VaccinesPedro L. Moro, Silvia Perez-Vilar, Paige Lewis, Marthe Bryant-Genevier, Hajime Kamiya, Maria CanoPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174171; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4171
Post-marketing surveillance of DTaP vaccines was conducted in VAERS over a 19 year period to assess for possible rare AEs not detected in observational studies.
- Open AccessIntimate Partner Violence, Depression, and Child Growth and DevelopmentHind H. Neamah, Christopher Sudfeld, Dana Charles McCoy, Günther Fink, Wafaie W. Fawzi, Honorati Masanja, Goodarz Danaei, Alfa Muhihi, Sylvia Kaaya, Mary C. Smith FawziPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173457; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3457
Children’s growth and development are often linked to providing adequate nutrition and care. However, psychosocial factors (maternal depression and IPV) can affect children’s growth trajectories.
- Open AccessEmergency Department Alcohol Intervention: Effects on Dating Violence and DepressionQuyen M. Ngo, Andria B. Eisman, Maureen A. Walton, Yasamin Kusunoki, Stephen T. Chermack, Vijay Singh, Rebecca CunninghamPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173525; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3525
A technology-assisted ED BI with effects in reducing underage drinking also shows promise for reducing secondary outcomes such as mental health symptoms and dating violence.
- Open AccessOutcomes in Mild to Moderate Isolated ThrombocytopeniaCharles Schlappi, Varsha Kulkarni, Prasannalaxmi Palabindela, Christina Bemrich-Stolz, Thomas Howard, Lee Hilliard, Jeffrey LebensburgerPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173804; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3804
We explore the outcomes for referrals to pediatric hematology–oncology for patients with isolated mild to moderate thrombocytopenia to improve evidence-based referral practices.
- Open AccessPostdischarge Nurse Home Visits and Reuse: The Hospital to Home Outcomes (H2O) TrialKatherine A. Auger, Jeffrey M. Simmons, Heather L. Tubbs-Cooley, Heidi J. Sucharew, Angela M. Statile, Rita H. Pickler, Hadley S. Sauers-Ford, Jennifer M. Gold, Jane C. Khoury, Andrew F. Beck, Susan Wade-Murphy, Pierce Kuhnell, Samir S. Shah, on behalf of the H2O Trial study groupPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173919; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3919
Through a randomized controlled trial, we use this study to examine the effects of a single home nurse visit after standard pediatric discharge.
- Open AccessSelection Bias and Outcomes for Preterm NeonatesKerryn Atwell, Emily Callander, Daniel Lindsay, Peter Blake Marshall, Scott Adam MorrisPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180470; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0470
Two national data sets are used to describe associations between clinical characteristics and admission to neonatal intensive care at 23 weeks' gestation.
- Open AccessBuprenorphine Exposures Among Children and Adolescents Reported to US Poison Control CentersSara Post, Henry A. Spiller, Marcel J. Casavant, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A. SmithPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173652; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3652
From 2007 to 2016, there were 11 275 pediatric exposures to buprenorphine reported to US poison centers. Most exposures were unintentional (86.8%) and among children <6 years old (86.1%).
- Open AccessPsychiatric Diagnoses and Weight Loss Among Adolescents Receiving Sleeve GastrectomyEleanor R. Mackey, Jichuan Wang, Chloe Harrington, Evan P. NadlerPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173432; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3432
In this article, we examine the rates of psychiatric diagnoses and the association with weight loss outcomes in diverse adolescents undergoing LSG.
- Open AccessCardiometabolic Risk Factors at 5 Years After Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in InfancyValene H.L. See, Trevor A. Mori, Susan L. Prescott, Lawrence J. Beilin, Sally Burrows, Rae-Chi HuangPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20162623; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2623
Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation from birth to 6 months of age reveals a reduction in waist circumference in 5-year-old children and an increase in insulin sensitivity in 5-year-old boys.
- Open AccessAn International Comparison of Death Classification at 22 to 25 Weeks’ Gestational AgeLucy K. Smith, Naho Morisaki, Nils-Halvdan Morken, Mika Gissler, Paromita Deb-Rinker, Jocelyn Rouleau, Stellan Hakansson, Michael R. Kramer, Michael S. KramerPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173324; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3324
A comparison of 7 countries revealed that variation in survival for births at 22 to 23 weeks’ gestation arises in part from differential reporting of infants as live versus stillborn.
- Open AccessRespiratory Viruses and Treatment Failure in Children With Asthma ExacerbationJoanna Merckx, Francine M. Ducharme, Christine Martineau, Roger Zemek, Jocelyn Gravel, Dominic Chalut, Naveen Poonai, Caroline Quach, for the Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) DOORWAY teamPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174105; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4105
In children with a moderate or severe asthma exacerbation, we investigated the association between laboratory-confirmed specific viruses and (1) exacerbation severity and (2) risk of treatment failure.
- Open AccessNeonatal Circumcision and Urinary Tract Infections in Infants With HydronephrosisJonathan S. Ellison, Geolani W. Dy, Benjamin C. Fu, Sarah K. Holt, John L. Gore, Paul A. MerguerianPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173703; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3703
Using an employer-based insurance data set, we describe in this study the association of circumcision with UTIs within 1 year of life in infants with hydronephrosis.
- Open AccessImplementation of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Care ConsiderationsJennifer G. Andrews, Kristin Conway, Christina Westfield, Christina Trout, F. John Meaney, Katherine Mathews, Emma Ciafaloni, Christopher Cunniff, Deborah J. Fox, Dennis Matthews, Shree PandyaPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174006; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4006
In our study, we provide baseline benchmark data for future studies of adherence to the care considerations and validates the variability reported by questionnaire data.
- Open AccessPreterm Neuroimaging and School-Age Cognitive OutcomesSusan R. Hintz, Betty R. Vohr, Carla M. Bann, H. Gerry Taylor, Abhik Das, Kathryn E. Gustafson, Kimberly Yolton, Victoria E. Watson, Jean Lowe, Maria Elena DeAnda, M. Bethany Ball, Neil N. Finer, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Seetha Shankaran, Athina Pappas, Patrick D. Barnes, Dorothy Bulas, Jamie E. Newman, Deanne E. Wilson-Costello, Roy J. Heyne, Heidi M. Harmon, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Ira Adams-Chapman, Andrea Freeman Duncan, Janell Fuller, Yvonne E. Vaucher, Tarah T. Colaizy, Sarah Winter, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Ricki F. Goldstein, Rosemary D. Higgins, for the SUPPORT study group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research NetworkPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174058; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4058
With this prospective, multicenter study of infants born EPT, we assess the relative value of neonatal neuroimaging to predict cognitive impairment and disability at school age.
- Open AccessObjective Sleep Characteristics and Cardiometabolic Health in Young AdolescentsElizabeth M. Cespedes Feliciano, Mirja Quante, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Susan Redline, Emily Oken, Elsie M. TaverasPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174085; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4085
Using objective measurements, this study found that longer sleep duration and greater sleep efficiency are associated with more favorable cardiometabolic profiles in early adolescence.
- Open AccessRepeat Antenatal Betamethasone and Cardiometabolic OutcomesRobert D. Cartwright, Jane E. Harding, Caroline A. Crowther, Wayne S. Cutfield, Malcolm R. Battin, Stuart R. Dalziel, Christopher J.D. McKinlay, on behalf of the ACTORDS Follow-up GroupPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180522; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0522
In subgroup analysis of the ACTORDS trial, repeat antenatal betamethasone treatment had no adverse effects on cardiometabolic function in midchildhood, even in FGR.
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessDiagnosis and Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm InfantsEric C. Eichenwald, COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORNPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20181061; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1061
AAP Meeting Abstracts
- Open AccessWhen Bad News Isn’t Necessarily Bad: Recognizing Provider Bias When Sharing Unexpected NewsCarissa Carroll, Christopher Carroll, Naomi Goloff, Michael B. PittPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180503; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0503
- Open AccessJust Do It: Incorporating Bedside Teaching Into Every Patient EncounterSusan L. Bannister, Janice L. Hanson, Christopher G. Maloney, Robert Arthur DudasPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20181238; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1238
In this article, we provide practical tips to help busy clinicians incorporate bedside teaching into their clinical care.
- Open AccessA “Smart” Way of Addressing Food Insecurity in the Digital AgeMichelle Phan, Erin Hickey, Andrew F. Beck, Melissa D. Klein, Francis J. RealPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20181336; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1336
- Open AccessUropathogen Resistance and Antibiotic Prophylaxis: A Meta-analysisRachel E. Selekman, Daniel J. Shapiro, John Boscardin, Gabrielle Williams, Jonathan C. Craig, Per Brandström, Marco Pennesi, Gwenalle Roussey-Kesler, Pankaj Hari, Hillary L. CoppPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180119; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0119
The benefit of prophylaxis must be weighed against its risks. In this meta-analysis, we quantify the risk of developing a multidrug-resistant recurrent UTI.
- Open AccessPreterm Birth/Low Birth Weight and Markers Reflective of Wealth in Adulthood: A Meta-analysisAyten Bilgin, Marina Mendonca, Dieter WolkePediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173625; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3625
This article is a meta-analysis of the association between preterm birth and wealth in adulthood, which was assessed by evaluating higher educational qualifications, employment, social benefits, and independent living.
- Open AccessPrenatal Antidepressant Exposure and Child Motor Development: A Meta-analysisKatherine Grove, Andrew J. Lewis, Megan GalballyPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180356; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0356
Poorer motor development in children who were exposed to antidepressants in utero has been identified in a number of studies. In this article, we present a systematic review and meta-analysis.
- Open AccessFather-Inclusive Perinatal Parent Education Programs: A Systematic ReviewJoyce Y. Lee, Heather A. Knauer, Shawna J. Lee, Mark P. MacEachern, Craig F. GarfieldPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180437; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0437
Early father involvement is important for family well-being. In this systematic review, we demonstrated the need for more evidence-based interventions to support fathers across the perinatal period.
- Open AccessPain-Relieving Interventions for Retinopathy of Prematurity: A Meta-analysisTimothy Disher, Chris Cameron, Souvik Mitra, Kelcey Cathcart, Marsha Campbell-YeoPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20180401; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-0401
Through the use of NMA, we identify optimal treatments and avenues for new research in this review.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessThe Collaborative Role of North American Departments of Pediatrics in Global Child HealthSophia P. Gladding, Patrick T. McGann, Andrea Summer, Christiana M. Russ, Omolara T. Uwemedimo, Martha Matamoros Aguilar, Rana Chakraborty, Molly Moore, Mary Lieh-Lai, Robert Opoka, Cynthia Howard, Chandy C. John, on behalf of the Global Health Task Force of the American Board of PediatricsPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20172966; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2966
In this review, we describe the collaborative role of NA pediatrics departments in GCH education, and clinical practice and research summarizing challenges and best practices.
- Open AccessWhen a Mother Changes Her Mind About a DNRJason Higginson, Kellie R. Lang, Hellen Ransom, Clint Parker, Matthew Ledoux, D. Micah Hester, John D. LantosPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20172946; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2946
What should health professionals do when a mother, who had always wanted continued life support, requests a do not resuscitate?
- Open AccessHome Extubation in a NeonatePrakash Loganathan, Judith Simpson, Paul Boutcher, Andrew Cooper, Allan Jackson, Rebecca J. BensonPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20172845; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2845
We report a neonatal case involving home extubation, explaining the processes involved as well as providing an ethical context.
- Open AccessImproving Guideline-Based Streptococcal Pharyngitis Testing: A Quality Improvement InitiativeLaura E. Norton, Brian R. Lee, Lory Harte, Keith Mann, Jason G. Newland, R. Alan Grimes, Angela L. MyersPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20172033; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2033
The implementation of a QI initiative improved guideline-based testing for GAS pharyngitis in a large community pediatrics practice.
- Open AccessEnsuring Timely Connection to Early Intervention for Young Children With Developmental DelaysKathleen Conroy, Corinna Rea, Gabriella Ika Kovacikova, Eli Sprecher, Ellen Reisinger, Hannah Durant, Amy Starmer, Joanne Cox, Sara L. ToomeyPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174017; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4017
Centralizing referral mechanisms, using registries, and building close connections between primary care and EI sites increased rates of successful connections in these high-risk referrals.
- Open AccessComparison of Collaborative Versus Single-Site Quality Improvement to Reduce NICU Length of StayHenry C. Lee, Mihoko V. Bennett, Margaret Crockett, Ruth Crowe, Steven G. Gwiazdowski, Heather Keller, Paul Kurtin, Michael Kuzniewicz, Ann Marie Mazzeo, Joseph Schulman, Courtney C. Nisbet, Paul J. SharekPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20171395; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1395
In this study, we describe a multihospital QI collaborative project to reduce LOS for preterm neonates during NICU hospitalization.
- Open AccessA Toddler With Treatment-Resistant Iron Deficiency AnemiaMelanie Conway, Peggy Marcon, Paul Meinert, Carol Durno, Julia E.M. Upton, Melanie Kirby-Allen, Michael WeinsteinPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20172971; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2971
An expert panel discusses important considerations for common and rare causes of treatment-resistant IDA from the perspective of pediatricians, gastroenterologists, hematologists, and immunologists.
- Open AccessParacetamol/Acetaminophen During Pregnancy Induces Prenatal Ductus Arteriosus ClosureOdile Becquet, Damien Bonnet, Yves Ville, Karel Allegaert, Alexandre LapillonnePediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174021; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4021
APAP during pregnancy induces prenatal DA closure. Use of APAP, specifically after the sixth month of pregnancy, should be as limited as possible.
- Open AccessTopiramate for Seizures in Preterm Infants and the Development of Necrotizing EnterocolitisBenjamin Courchia, Waleed Kurtom, Alyssa Pensirikul, Teresa Del-Moral, Maria BuchPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20173971; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3971
The indications of topiramate usage for the management of neonatal seizures is contentious, and its use may be associated with NEC in premature infants.
- Open AccessGrowth Hormone Deficiency Causing Micropenis: Lessons Learned From a Well-Adjusted AdultPeter A. Lee, Tom Mazur, Christopher P. Houk, Robert M. BlizzardPediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20174168; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4168
We describe the outcome of a 46,XY patient with a micropenis resulting from GH deficiency consistent with prenatal androgen CNS exposure impact on male gender identity development.
- Open AccessO’Neil J, Hoffman BD; COUNCIL ON INJURY, VIOLENCE, AND POISON PREVENTION. School Bus Transportation of Children With Special Health Care Needs. Pediatrics. 2018;141(5):e20180513Pediatrics Jul 2018, 142 (1) e20181221; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2018-1221