September 2017, VOLUME 140 / ISSUE 3
Table of Contents
- Open AccessUnintentional Cannabis Intoxication in ToddlersIsabelle Claudet, Sébastien Mouvier, Magali Labadie, Cécile Manin, Anne-Pascale Michard-Lenoir, Didier Eyer, Damien Dufour, for the Marie-Jeanne Study GroupPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170017; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0017
Despite cannabis consumption being illegal in France, its use is increasing, and the evolution of related unintentional pediatric intoxications is still poorly documented.
- Open AccessEpidemiology of Acute Otitis Media in the Postpneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine EraRavinder Kaur, Matthew Morris, Michael E. PichicheroPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170181; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0181
In this 10-year prospective study, we capture the epidemiology and risk factors of AOM and the otitis-prone condition in the PCV era.
- Open AccessPrognostic Factors for Treatment Failure in Acute Otitis MediaPaula A. Tähtinen, Miia K. Laine, Aino RuoholaPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170072; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0072
Secondary analysis of randomized controlled trial to identify subgroups of children with AOM who would and would not benefit most from antimicrobials.
- Open AccessCost-effectiveness of Family-Based Obesity TreatmentTeresa Quattrin, Ying Cao, Rocco A. Paluch, James N. Roemmich, Michelle A. Ecker, Leonard H. EpsteinPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20162755; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2755
This study provides novel cost-effectiveness data to the published efficacy data on the treatment of youngchildren with overweight and their parents in the pediatrician’s office.
- Open AccessSleep Duration and Risk of Type 2 DiabetesAlicja R. Rudnicka, Claire M. Nightingale, Angela S. Donin, Naveed Sattar, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup, Christopher G. OwenPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170338; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0338
In this study of 4525 children, a 1-hour-longer sleep duration was associated with lower levels of adiposity, insulin resistance, and fasting glucose.
- Open AccessEarly Probiotic Supplementation for Eczema and Asthma Prevention: A Randomized Controlled TrialMichael D. Cabana, Michelle McKean, Aaron B. Caughey, Lawrence Fong, Susan Lynch, Angela Wong, Russell Leong, Homer A. Boushey, Joan F. HiltonPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163000; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3000
In this randomized controlled trial, we examined the effect of early LGG infant supplementation in decreasing the risk of childhood eczema.
- Open AccessMedicaid Managed Care Structures and Care CoordinationDouglas H. Gilchrist-Scott, James A. Feinstein, Rishi AgrawalPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163820; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3820
This article evaluates the association between MMC structure and measures of care coordination in children.
- Open AccessHealth Care Expenditures and Utilization for Children With Noncomplex Chronic DiseaseErik R. Hoefgen, Annie L. Andrews, Troy Richardson, Matthew Hall, John M. Neff, Michelle L. Macy, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Samir S. Shah, Katherine A. AugerPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170492; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0492
Health care expenditures and use attributed to children vary with illness severity and chronicity. We describe health care expenditures and use for children with NC-CDs.
- Open AccessCharacteristics of Children Enrolled in Medicaid With High-Frequency Emergency Department UseAlon Peltz, Margaret E. Samuels-Kalow, Jonathan Rodean, Matthew Hall, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Paul L. Aronson, Jay G. Berry, Kathy N. Shaw, Rustin B. Morse, Stephen B. Freedman, Eyal Cohen, Harold K. Simon, Samir S. Shah, Yiannis Katsogridakis, Mark I. NeumanPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170962; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0962
We describe trends in pediatric ED use and identify characteristics of Medicaid-insured children who experience high-frequency ED use over 3 consecutive years.
- Open AccessHigh-Expenditure Pharmaceutical Use Among Children in MedicaidEyal Cohen, Matt Hall, Ruth Lopert, Brian Bruen, Lisa J. Chamberlain, Naomi Bardach, Jennifer Gedney, Bonnie T. Zima, Jay G. BerryPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171095; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1095
What are the high-expenditure outpatient medications used by Medicaid enrollees, and what are the characteristics of the users of these drugs?
- Open AccessVaccine Education During Pregnancy and Timeliness of Infant ImmunizationPriya Veerasingam, Cameron C. Grant, Carol Chelimo, Kathryn Philipson, Catherine A. Gilchrist, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Carlos A. Camargo, Susan MortonPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163727; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3727
We identify pregnant women’s sources of immunization information and determine the associations of receiving encouraging or discouraging information with their infants’ immunization timeliness.
- Open AccessVaccine-Preventable Diseases Requiring HospitalizationGregory Williamson, Bilaal Ahmed, Parvathi S. Kumar, Barbara E. Ostrov, Jessica E. EricsonPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170298; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0298
Through a retrospective chart review, this study determined the incidence of VPDs in central-Pennsylvania Amish, Mennonite, and non-Plain children requiring hospitalization.
- Open AccessTrends in Antibiotic Use by Birth Season and Birth YearAlan C. Kinlaw, Til Stürmer, Jennifer L. Lund, Lars Pedersen, Michael D. Kappelman, Julie L. Daniels, Trine Frøslev, Christina D. Mack, Henrik Toft SørensenPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170441; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0441
By using linked nationwide registry data from Denmark, we characterize the impacts of birth season and birth year on patterns of antibiotic prescribing during infancy.
- Open AccessRacial/Ethnic Disparity in NICU Quality of Care DeliveryJochen Profit, Jeffrey B. Gould, Mihoko Bennett, Benjamin A. Goldstein, David Draper, Ciaran S. Phibbs, Henry C. LeePediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170918; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0918
By using the Baby-MONITOR, a composite indicator of NICU quality, the authors of this study examined racial and/or ethnic disparities.
- Open AccessExecutive Function and Academic Outcomes in Children Who Were Extremely PretermDanielle S. Costa, Débora M. Miranda, Alice C. Burnett, Lex W. Doyle, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, Peter J. Anderson, on behalf of the Victorian Infant Collaborative Study GroupPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170257; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0257
EF stability from 8 to 18 years of age was identified in children born EP, which was related to academic outcomes.
- Open AccessVery Preterm Birth and Parents’ Quality of Life 27 Years LaterDieter Wolke, Nicole Baumann, Barbara Busch, Peter BartmannPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171263; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1263
We find that VP birth does not lower parents’ quality of life in the long-term.
- Open AccessAge at Intervention for Permanent Hearing Loss and 5-Year Language OutcomesTeresa Y.C. Ching, Harvey Dillon, Laura Button, Mark Seeto, Patricia Van Buynder, Vivienne Marnane, Linda Cupples, Greg LeighPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20164274; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-4274
The benefit of early age at intervention for language development of children with PCHL increases with the degree of hearing loss.
- Open AccessUtility of Blood Culture Among Children Hospitalized With Community-Acquired PneumoniaMark I. Neuman, Matthew Hall, Susan C. Lipsett, Adam L. Hersh, Derek J. Williams, Jeffrey S. Gerber, Thomas V. Brogan, Anne J. Blaschke, Carlos G. Grijalva, Kavita Parikh, Lilliam Ambroggio, Samir S. Shah, for the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings NetworkPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171013; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1013
In this study, we evaluated the yield of blood cultures among >7500 children hospitalized with CAP at 6 US children’s hospitals.
- Open AccessReliability of Examination Findings in Suspected Community-Acquired PneumoniaTodd A. Florin, Lilliam Ambroggio, Cole Brokamp, Mantosh S. Rattan, Eric J. Crotty, Andrea Kachelmeyer, Richard M. Ruddy, Samir S. ShahPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170310; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0310
In this prospective cohort study, we found only fair to moderate IRR of the majority of examination findings used to diagnose CAP in children.
- Open AccessUse of a Smartphone App to Assess Neonatal JaundiceJames A. Taylor, James W. Stout, Lilian de Greef, Mayank Goel, Shwetak Patel, Esther K. Chung, Aruna Koduri, Shawn McMahon, Jane Dickerson, Elizabeth A. Simpson, Eric C. LarsonPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170312; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0312
The accuracy of a new technology based on the analysis of digital images obtained by using a smartphone app in estimating bilirubin levels in newborns is assessed.
- Open AccessFactors Associated With Choice of Infant Sleep PositionEve R. Colson, Nicole L. Geller, Timothy Heeren, Michael J. CorwinPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170596; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0596
Placing infants supine for sleep is crucial to decreasing deaths. In this article, we report choices mothers make when deciding how to position infants for sleep.
- Open AccessEducational Progress of Looked-After Children in England: A Study Using Group Trajectory AnalysisAlastair G. Sutcliffe, Julian Gardiner, Edward MelhuishPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170503; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0503
An investigation using group trajectory analysis of care environment and other factors affecting the educational progress of looked-after children in England.
From the American Academy of Pediatrics
- Open AccessDiagnosis of Pregnancy and Providing Options Counseling for the Adolescent PatientLaurie L. Hornberger, COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCEPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20172273; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2273
- Open AccessElimination of Perinatal Hepatitis B: Providing the First Vaccine Dose Within 24 Hours of BirthCOMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES, COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORNPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171870; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1870
- Open AccessGuidance on Forgoing Life-Sustaining Medical TreatmentKathryn L. Weise, Alexander L. Okun, Brian S. Carter, Cindy W. Christian, COMMITTEE ON BIOETHICS, SECTION ON HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE MEDICINE, COMMITTEE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECTPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171905; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1905
- Open AccessClinical Practice Guideline for Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children and AdolescentsJoseph T. Flynn, David C. Kaelber, Carissa M. Baker-Smith, Douglas Blowey, Aaron E. Carroll, Stephen R. Daniels, Sarah D. de Ferranti, Janis M. Dionne, Bonita Falkner, Susan K. Flinn, Samuel S. Gidding, Celeste Goodwin, Michael G. Leu, Makia E. Powers, Corinna Rea, Joshua Samuels, Madeline Simasek, Vidhu V. Thaker, Elaine M. Urbina, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCREENING AND MANAGEMENT OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN CHILDRENPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171904; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1904
- Open AccessPromotion of Healthy Weight-Control Practices in Young AthletesRebecca L. Carl, Miriam D. Johnson, Thomas J. Martin, COUNCIL ON SPORTS MEDICINE AND FITNESSPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171871; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1871
- Open AccessPediatric Integrative MedicineHilary McClafferty, Sunita Vohra, Michelle Bailey, Melanie Brown, Anna Esparham, Dana Gerstbacher, Brenda Golianu, Anna-Kaisa Niemi, Erica Sibinga, Joy Weydert, Ann Ming Yeh, SECTION ON INTEGRATIVE MEDICINEPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171961; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1961
- Open AccessRepeal of the Affordable Care Act Will Negatively Impact Children at End of LifeJessica Keim-Malpass, Lisa C. LindleyPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171134; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1134
- Open AccessThe Care Continuum: An Evolving Model for Care and Research in Rare DiseasesErika F. Augustine, E. Ray Dorsey, Peter L. SaltonstallPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170108; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0108
- Open AccessPatient and Researcher Engagement in Health Research: A Parent’s PerspectiveIsrael Amirav, Virginia Vandall-Walker, Jananee Rasiah, Laura SaundersPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20164127; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-4127
- Open AccessRisk of Recurrence of Adverse Events Following Immunization: A Systematic ReviewJoseline Guetsop Zafack, Gaston De Serres, Marilou Kiely, Marie-Claude Gariépy, Isabelle Rouleau, Karina Anne-Marie Top, for the Canadian Immunization Research NetworkPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163707; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3707
This systematic review presents the risk of recurrence of AEFIs in patients who receive subsequent doses of vaccine.
- Open AccessParent Coping Support Interventions During Acute Pediatric Hospitalizations: A Meta-AnalysisStephanie K. Doupnik, Douglas Hill, Deepak Palakshappa, Diana Worsley, Hanah Bae, Aleesha Shaik, Maylene (Kefeng) Qiu, Meghan Marsac, Chris FeudtnerPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20164171; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-4171
In this systematic literature review, we found evidence that parents of hospitalized children who received coping support interventions had better emotional well-being.
- Open AccessParent-Child Interaction Therapy: A Meta-analysisRae Thomas, Bridget Abell, Haley J. Webb, Elbina Avdagic, Melanie J. Zimmer-GembeckPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170352; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0352
Meta-analyses from PCIT studies reveal that robust positive outcomes and content modification may not be necessary for diverse populations.
State-of-the-Art Review Article
- Open AccessThe Immune System in Pediatric Seizures and EpilepsiesChristian M. Korff, Russell C. DalePediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163534; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3534
This review article presents current knowledge of the role of immunity in relation to seizures, with a particular emphasis on clinical data available in childhood.
- Open AccessBloody Stools in a 3-Day-Old Term InfantAmelia Bray-Aschenbrenner, L. Richard Feldenberg, Amelia Kirby, Colleen M. Fitzpatrick, Justin B. JosephsenPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170073; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0073
A 3-day-old male is referred to you for evaluation of bloody stools. What do you do when your history and examination do not match?
- Open AccessMethodological and Ethical Issues in Pediatric Medication Safety ResearchDelesha Carpenter, Daniel Gonzalez, George Retsch-Bogart, Betsy Sleath, Benjamin WilfondPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170195; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0195
This executive summary describes current challenges to conducting pediatric medication safety research and highlights state-of-the-art methodologies to overcome these challenges.
- Open AccessPhysician-Nurse Interactions in Critical CareSumaira Khowaja-Punjwani, Charlotte Smardo, Monica Rita Hendricks, John D. LantosPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170670; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0670
When a nurse questions a doctors’ care plan, ethical issues arise regarding role-specific duties and obligations.
- Open AccessChildren’s Hospitals’ Solutions for Patient Safety Collaborative Impact on Hospital-Acquired HarmAnne Lyren, Richard J. Brilli, Karen Zieker, Miguel Marino, Stephen Muething, Paul J. SharekPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163494; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3494
An improvement collaborative of multiple children’s hospitals focused on how process improvement and safety culture impact HACs and SSEs.
- Open AccessQuality Improvement Strategies for Population Management of Children With Medical ComplexityJennifer Lail, Elise Fields, Pamela J. SchoettkerPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170484; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0484
We employed QI methodologies to identify the needs of children with medical complexity, reliably deliver appropriate preventive and chronic care, and implement PVP.
- Open AccessSeptic Episodes in a Premature Infant After In Utero Exposure to RituximabSusanne Hay, Sandra Burchett, Oreofe Odejide, Sule CataltepePediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20162819; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2819
This case report suggests a clinically significant immunocompromised state subsequent to in utero exposure to rituximab in a preterm infant with 2 episodes of sepsis.
- Open AccessMeningococcal B Vaccine Failure With a Penicillin-Resistant Strain in a Young Adult on Long-Term EculizumabSydel R. Parikh, Jay Lucidarme, Coralie Bingham, Paul Warwicker, Tim Goodship, Ray Borrow, Shamez N. LadhaniPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20162452; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2452
IMD due to a vaccine-preventable and penicillin-resistant strain in a fully-immunized young adult on long-term complement inhibitor therapy and daily penicillin chemoprophylaxis.
- Open AccessA Sweet Case of MycoplasmaJackie Hsieh, Ali Yalcindag, Daniel T. CoghlinPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20162762; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2762
This case report describes the first pediatric case of febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, or Sweet syndrome, that is associated with Mycoplasma infection.
- Open AccessUnusual Father-to-Daughter Transmission of Incontinentia Pigmenti Due to Mosaicism in IP MalesFrancesca Fusco, Matilde Immacolata Conte, Andrea Diociauti, Stefania Bigoni, Maria Francesca Branda, Alessandra Ferlini, Maya El Hachem, Matilde Valeria UrsiniPediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20162950; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2950
This study demonstrates that IP father-to-daughter-transmission is due to somatic/germ-line mosaicism identified through the skin/germ-line of an IP male.
Letters to the Editor
- Open AccessLewis, CW, Jacob LS, Lehmann CU, AAP SECTION ON ORAL HEALTH. The Primary Care Pediatrician and the Care of Children With Cleft Lip and/or Cleft Palate. Pediatrics. 2017;139(5):e20170628Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171921; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1921