Improved Nutrition Delivery and Nutrition Status in Critically Ill Children With Heart Disease
BACKGROUND: This initiative sought to improve nutrition delivery in critically ill children with heart disease admitted to the cardiac ICU (CICU) and neonates undergoing stage 1 palliation (S1P) for single-ventricle physiology through interdisciplinary team interventions. Specific goals were increased caloric and protein delivery for all patients and a more nourished state for infants with single ventricles at the time of discharge.
METHODS: We developed a nutrition flow sheet in the electronic health record to track whether daily nutrition goals were met. Interventions included nurses reporting daily whether caloric and protein goals were met, mandatory involvement of feeding specialists, and introduction of an enteral nutrition guideline. For infants undergoing S1P, weight-for-age z score (as an indicator for assessing malnutrition) was calculated at admission and discharge.
RESULTS: The percentage of patient days per month when daily caloric goals were met increased from 50.1% to 60.7%, and protein goals met increased from 51.6% to 72.7%. Hospital length of stay, need for ventilation, and mortality did not differ. Patients undergoing S1P demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in weight-for-age z score compared with the preintervention group (P = .003). Thirteen S1P patients were discharged undernourished in the preintervention group; 5 were severely undernourished. In the intervention group, 4 patients were discharged undernourished, and none were severely undernourished.
CONCLUSIONS: This initiative resulted in improved nutrition delivery for a heterogeneous population of cardiac patients in the CICU as well as significant improvements in weight gain and nourishment status at discharge in infants undergoing S1P.
- Accepted October 28, 2014.
- Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics