Ramadan HH, Cost JL. Laryngoscope. 2008;118(5):871–873
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY. To compare the outcomes of adenoidectomy with adenoidectomy combined with maxillary sinus wash for the treatment of children with medically refractory sinusitis.
STUDY POPULATION. Studied were children treated at a tertiary otolaryngology referral center with chronic (>6 months) or recurrent (>6 episodes) rhinosinusitis diagnosed by both clinical criteria and computed tomography (CT) who did not improve with 6 months of treatment with oral antibiotics, decongestants, and allergy management when appropriate. Children with cystic fibrosis, immunoglobulin deficiency, ciliary dysfunction, or a history of previous adenoid or sinus surgery were excluded.
METHODS. Patients were assigned to adenoidectomy alone or adenoidectomy in combination with maxillary sinus wash in a nonrandomized manner on the basis of surgeon and parental preference. A questionnaire was administered 12 months after surgery to evaluate changes in symptoms of nasal obstruction/congestion, purulent drainage, cough, and headache after surgery. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to compare results of the 2 procedures.
RESULTS. Sixty patients were enrolled in this study: 32 (53%) underwent adenoidectomy with sinus wash, and 28 (47%) had adenoidectomy alone. The adenoidectomy/wash group had more severe sinus disease on the basis of the Lund-Mackay scoring of CT scans (mean score: 7.9 vs 3.0; P = .001) and had more boys (P = .04). Overall, 87.5% of the patients who had adenoidectomy/sinus wash were improved on the basis of questionnaire results, compared with 60.7% of the subjects who had adenoidectomy alone (P = .017). Children with more severe sinusitis on the basis of CT scans were more likely to improve with both adenoidectomy/sinus wash than with adenoidectomy alone (93% vs 60%; P = .03).
CONCLUSIONS. This study demonstrates a benefit of maxillary sinus wash at the time of adenoidectomy for refractory sinusitis, particularly for children with more extensive sinus disease as indicated on preoperative CT scans.
REVIEWER COMMENTS. The role of surgery for treatment of children with sinusitis remains controversial. Who should have surgery, and which child should have adenoidectomy, endoscopic surgery, or maxillary lavage? The role of maxillary sinus wash or nasoantral windows for children has been discouraged in the past 2 decades with the recognition of key anterior ethmoid disease that might best be treated by endoscopic surgery when medical treatments fail. This article shows a benefit of maxillary wash when added to adenoidectomy, particularly for severe disease. This benefit may be from the method of irrigation through the natural ostium of the maxillary sinus rather than via the inferior meatus or the canine fossa. Unfortunately, this article is sparse with the details of measured outcomes criteria and the definition of improvement of symptoms. Although statistical analysis was used to control for nonrandom assignment of treatment, unrecognized bias may still exist. With these limitations, maxillary sinus wash through the middle meatus seems to be a conservative surgical option in the treatment of refractory childhood sinusitis, a disease with a favorable natural history.
- Copyright © 2008 by the American Academy of Pediatrics