Cost of Influenza Hospitalization at a Tertiary Care Children's Hospital and Its Impact on the Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Recommendation for Universal Influenza Immunization in Children Age 6 to 23 Months
Hall JL, Katz BZ. J Pediatr. 2005;147:807–811
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY. To calculate the costs of influenza hospitalization at a tertiary care children's hospital as the basis of a cost/benefit analysis of the new influenza vaccine recommendation for children 6 to 23 months old.
STUDY DESIGN. The investigators reviewed the medical charts of all patients diagnosed with influenza and admitted to Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, in 2002. Total hospital costs were obtained from the business development office.
RESULTS. Thirty-five charts were analyzed. Both of the 2 patients who required mechanical ventilation and 4 of the 6 patients admitted to the ICU had high-risk underlying medical conditions. Nine children were 6 to 23 months old; 4 of these 9 had no preexisting medical conditions. Had all 18 high-risk children over 6 months old been protected from influenza, approximately $350 000 in hospital charges could have been saved.
CONCLUSIONS. Preventing the additional 4 hospitalizations in the otherwise low-risk children 6 to 23 months old for whom vaccine was currently recommended would have cost approximately $281 000 ($46 per child) more than the hospital charges saved. When all children 6 to 23 months old were considered, influenza vaccination would have been less costly than other prophylactic measures. Addition of indirect costs, deaths, outpatient costs, and the cost of secondary cases would favor the cost/benefit ratio for influenza vaccination of all children 6 to 23 months old.
REVIEWER COMMENTS. A few years ago when recommendations were made to immunize all children 6 to 23 months of age with the influenza vaccine, they were not initially accepted with open arms because of an already-busy infant-immunization schedule. This article provided interesting data regarding actual charges of hospitalization for care of children with influenza. Analyzing the ages and underlying medical conditions of these children, as well as using conservative estimates of vaccine efficacy and only direct costs of hospitalization, the investigators predicted substantial cost savings from vaccinating children with underlying medical conditions and modest spending ($46 per child) when vaccinating healthy children 6 through 23 months of age. Recognized limitations of the investigation included extrapolation of findings from a tertiary care center and underrepresentation of children without underlying conditions. Hopefully, in the future, we will have more data such as these that will be useful in assessing the cost/benefit ratio of influenza vaccination recommendations in pediatric patients.
- Copyright © 2007 by the American Academy of Pediatrics