Nontherapeutic Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Animal Agriculture: Implications for Pediatrics

Katherine M. Shea, Committee on Infectious Diseases
TABLE 1.

Major Antimicrobial Agent Classes Approved for Nontherapeutic Use in Animals

Antimicrobial ClassSpeciesProphylaxisGrowth Promotion
AminoglycosideBeef cattle, goats, poultry, sheep, swineYesNo
β-Lactam (penicillin)Beef cattle, dairy cows, fowl, poultry, sheep, swineYesYes
β-Lactam (cephalosporin)Beef cattle, dairy cows, poultry, sheep, swineYesNo
IonophoreBeef cattle, fowl, goats, poultry, rabbits, sheepYesYes
LincosamidePoultry, swineYesYes
MacrolideBeef cattle, poultry, swineYesYes
PolypeptideFowl, poultry, swineYesYes
StreptograminBeef cattle, poultry, swineYesYes
SulfonamideBeef cattle, poultry, swineYesYes
TetracyclineBeef cattle, dairy cows, fowl, honey bees, poultry, sheep, swineYesYes
Other
BambermycinsBeef cattle, poultry, swineYesYes
CarbadoxSwineYesYes
NovobiocinFowl, poultryYesNo
SpectinomycinPoultry, swineYesNo
  • Source: US General Accounting Office. The Agricultural Use of Antibiotics and Its Implications for Human Health. Washington, DC: General Accounting Office; 1999. Publication no. GAO-RCED 99–74