Dr Mary Ellen Avery is the Thomas Morgan Rotch Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School. Dr Avery received the MD from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1952, and served an internship and residency at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. She served a research fellowship at Harvard Medical School and Johns Hopkins University and then joined the faculty of the latter institution, where she served as professor of pulmonary disease of children and as pediatrician-in-charge of the newborn nurseries. She continued her pioneering work in both fields as professor and chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at McGill University and Montreal Children's Hospital. In 1974, Dr Avery joined the faculty of Harvard Medical School as professor of pediatrics and physician-in-chief at Children's Hospital, Boston, a title she held until 1985, when she assumed emeritus status. She has served as president of the American Pediatric Society and has authored more than 100 scientific publications, mostly on respiratory diseases of newborn infants, as well as being co-editor of Schaffer and Avery's Diseases of the Newborn. Her honors include the Virginia Apgar Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Medal of Science.
Dr Milton Markowitz is Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine. He is a 1943 graduate of the Syracuse University College of Medicine. After an internship at the Morrisania City Hospital, New York City, and active duty in the US Navy, his service as research fellow at Irvington House, New York, from 1946–1947 was the stimulus for his lifelong interest and profound contributions to the diagnosis, management, and prevention of streptococcal disease and rheumatic fever. After his pediatric training at the Harriet Lane Home, Johns Hopkins Hospital, he entered private practice in Baltimore with the preeminent pediatrician, Dr Alexander Schaffer. During this time, in addition to his prolific activities in pediatric primary care and clinical investigation, he also served as director of the Pediatric Rheumatic Clinics, Johns Hopkins Children's Medical and Surgical Center and, in 1963, assumed the position of associate pediatrician-in-chief, Sinai Hospital, Baltimore. In 1969, Dr Markowitz was recruited to the University of Connecticut School of Medicine as the first professor and head of the Department of Pediatrics. He remained in that position until 1983, subsequently serving 9 years as associate dean for Medical Student Affairs. Dr Markowitz has received many honors and awards, including the Distinguished Achievement Award from the American Heart Association.
Dr William Hardy Hendren III is the Robert E. Gross Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School. He received his medical degree from Harvard Medical School in 1952, after several years in World War II serving on active duty in the US Navy, where he qualified as a carrier pilot. He interned at the Massachusetts General Hospital and did a surgical residency there and at Children's Hospital, Boston. He joined the surgical faculty at Harvard and became professor of surgery in 1974. He is currently chief of surgery at Children's Hospital, Boston. He is board certified in surgery, thoracic, and cardiovascular surgery, as well as pediatric surgery. In addition to being the author of more than 168 papers, he has served as associate editor of the Journal of Pediatric Surgery. He has been chairman of the surgical section of the American Academy of Pediatrics, president of the American Pediatric Surgical Association, and founding member and president of the Society of Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgeons. In addition, he has honorary membership in the Swiss, Greek, and Polish Associations of Pediatric Surgeons and is an honorary fellow in the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland.
Dr Leon Eisenberg is the Maude and Lillian Presley Professor and Chairman, Department of Social Policy and Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School. Dr Eisenberg received his MD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1946 and served an internship at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City. After military service, he served as resident in psychiatry at the Sheppard and Pratt Hospital and then as fellow in child psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital under Professor Leo Kanner, whom he succeeded as chief of child psychiatry in 1961. Dr Eisenberg's research interests include early infantile autism, the influence of the social environment on cognitive development, and the relationship between culture and mental disorder. He moved to Boston in 1967 as chief of psychiatry at the Massachusetts General Hospital, later becoming chairman of the Executive Committee of the Harvard Departments of Psychiatry. In 1980, he assumed the chair of the newly created Department of Social Medicine, which brings the disciplines of anthropology, history, sociology, economics, political science, and law to bear on research and teaching in medicine.
Dr Eisenberg's many honors include the C. Anderson Aldrich Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Dr David G. Nathan is the Robert A. Stranahan Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. After receiving his MD from Harvard in 1955, he became a house officer and then a senior resident in medicine at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. In addition, he received a research fellowship at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, and research training in hematology at Children's Hospital Medical Center in Boston. He then joined the faculty of the Department of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. In 1974, he became chief of the Division of Hematology and Oncology, as well as pediatrician-in-chief of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute. Dr Nathan succeeded Dr Avery as physician-in-chief of Children's Hospital, Boston, until he recently assumed the directorship of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute. He is a member of the Society for Pediatric Research and the American Pediatric Society, and has been president of the American Society of Hematology. He is the author of more than 200 published papers, and has co-edited multiple editions ofHematology of Infancy and Childhood. His honors have included fellowship in the American Academy of Arts and Science, and membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.
Dr Thomas Weller is the Richard Pearson Strong Professor of Tropical Public Health, Emeritus, Harvard School of Public Health. He received his MD degree from Harvard Medical School in 1940, subsequently serving internships in bacteriology and pathology, as well as medicine, at Children's Hospital, Boston. After postdoctoral training in the Division of Infectious Disease Research, he assumed the position of assistant director, Research Division of Infectious Diseases. From 1954–1981, he served as the chairman, Department of Tropical Public Health, Harvard School of Public Health. In 1961, he also assumed the position of director of the Center for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases. Dr Weller has served as member and consultant to such prestigious national and international organizations as the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, the Institute of Medicine, the US Public Health Service, and the World Health Organization. Dr Weller's seminal research on viruses included the first growth of poliomyelitis virus in cultures of non-nervous tissue in 1949 and the first evidence that alteration of the virulence of poliomyelitis virus can be achieved by prolonged in vitro cultivation. In 1954, for these accomplishments, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. Among his many other awards is the E. Mead Johnson Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1952, 2 years before his recognition as a Nobel laureate.
Dr Sydney S. Gellis is Chairman Emeritus, Department of Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine. He graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1938, did an internship in pediatrics at Yale University School of Medicine, and was an assistant pediatric resident at Children's Hospital in Cincinnati, where he also did a research fellowship in neonatology. He then moved on to be chief resident in pediatrics at Johns Hopkins Hospital. After active duty in the US Army, he joined the faculty of Harvard Medical School, served as professor and chairman of the Department of Pediatrics of Boston University School of Medicine, and then professor and chairman of the Department of Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine. He is also currently pediatrician-in-chief emeritus at New England Medical Center. He is a prolific author of 186 published medical articles and former editor of Current Pediatric Therapy andYearbook of Pediatrics. His awards include the prestigious John Howland Award from the American Pediatric Society and the Jacobi Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Medical Association, as well as the Lifetime Achievement Award in Pediatric Education from the American Academy of Pediatrics.